Getting a perm involves altering the structure of the hair. Since hair types are different, you always have the potential that the perm will not take or becomes too tight. According to the Procter & Gamble Beauty and Grooming Science website, there is a great potential for damage to occur if the hair is not rinsed and neutralized properly when permed. Speak to your stylist about any special post-care perm instructions to avoid damaging the hair.
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Ask your stylist to give you a reverse perm. According to the Ladies’ Home Journal website, this treatment counteracts the perming solution.
Cut your hair. If your hair has been damaged due to chemical processing, remove as much of the ends as you are comfortable with. Keep up with regular trim appointments, every six to eight weeks, as you grow out the hair that was damaged from the perm.
Shampoo the hair with a formulation made specifically for dry and damaged hair. Cleanse the hair every few days. After a perm, you need to wait a minimum of three days before you can wash the hair. Otherwise, you can alter the chemical bond and cause the perm to fail.
Restore moisture with a hot oil hair treatment. Purchase hot oil hair kits at pharmacies or prepare your own version at home. Heat up olive oil until it is warm to the touch. Apply the oil to the entire hair from the roots to the tips. Leave in place for three to five minutes. Rinse out completely.
Use a deep conditioning hair mask. The conditioner is worked through the hair and left on for several minutes before rinsing out. This can restore moisture that may have been lost from the perm. The deep conditioning treatment should be done on a weekly basis.