How to Care for the Emotional Needs of the Elderly

An elderly person needs to feel safe, remain close to other people and believe that his life continues to be meaningful. Meeting his emotional needs can help him avoid depression. Signs that he lacks sufficient support may include difficulty in sleeping, a poor appetite or an inability to concentrate, points out the American Association of Retired Persons. Emotional care for a senior should include steps designed to deal with vulnerability, loneliness, boredom and isolation.

Elderly woman stepping outside from a cabin. Credit: Kim Carson/Photodisc/Getty Images

Security

A senior citizen may feel fearful and nervous, especially if she lives alone or has mobility problems. Support a positive outlook with practical measures to guard against intruders. Arrange for the installation of additional locks or chains and a spy-hole in the door, so she can see who is calling before she opens the door. An emergency call button could reduce her fear of failing to get help should she fall or become unwell.

Connection

Help senior citizens to maintain contact with their friends and family. Encourage visits from younger family members and use the telephone to maintain regular communication. An elderly person may find Internet access helpful when family or friends are unable to offer frequent visits, but he could need help in learning to use the technology. Use photos, books and music to help him remember happy life events and involve him in important family occasions such as marriages or new babies to help him know that he continues to be an important member of the family.

Community

Maintaining links with her community can support an elderly person's feeling of connection with the world beyond her family. Check to make sure she does not spend all of every day alone. You may be able to arrange transport to local events, church services or shopping trips. Contact organizations in the area that may be able to offer visits or send newsletters that support her interests. Make sure she is able to manage the controls of her television or radio and that she knows how to access local channels so that she can continue to enjoy involvement with her neighborhood.

Leisure

Take time to listen carefully to an elderly person. Help him continue to take responsibility for himself by discussing his needs and tailoring any interventions you make to his preferences, whether he loves ball games or prefers reading. Help him overcome any obstacles to his leisure activities that aging might cause. For example, try large print books or different spectacles to overcome visual problems that prevent him from enjoying his favorite authors. Maintain his dignity, whether he lives at home or in a care facility. Ensure he has access to his own clean clothes and that any false teeth or other prosthetics fit securely so he can feel comfortable.

Planning

Look ahead to anticipate the future needs of a senior. Her circumstances will change over time and new difficulties can arise with her physical, emotional or sensory abilities. These can damage her emotional well-being. A sudden loss of the capacity to wash or dress independently needs urgent action to provide her with personal care. Watch for any deterioration in her mood and be prepared to involve health care providers. Make sure she takes any medication exactly as prescribed. Sorting her tablets into the correct daily dose can help overcome a senior's fear of making mistakes.

Is This an Emergency?

If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
references & resources
Load Comments
PARTNER & LICENSEE OF THE LIVESTRONG FOUNDATION

Copyright © 2019 Leaf Group Ltd. Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of the LIVESTRONG.COM Terms of Use , Privacy Policy and Copyright Policy . The material appearing on LIVESTRONG.COM is for educational use only. It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the LIVESTRONG Foundation. The LIVESTRONG Foundation and LIVESTRONG.COM do not endorse any of the products or services that are advertised on the web site. Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web site-many of the advertisements are served by third party advertising companies.