Every day your child faces weather elements, from the blistering sun of summer to icy, cold conditions in winter. Teaching weather safety prepares your child for whatever he encounters outdoors. He also learns about severe weather dangers and what to do if dangerous weather strikes. Keep your child in-the-know when it comes to all things weather so he stays healthy and safe.
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As your child gets older, she likely takes over the wardrobe choices each morning. While you want her to practice her independence, she may need some guidance on choosing clothes appropriate for the weather. Teach her how to choose clothes based on the temperature and potential weather for the day. Include extra gear, such as umbrellas, raincoats, boots, gloves and hats, when necessary. A storage spot for all her weather gear makes it easy to grab what she might need as she heads out for the day.
Stay Cool in the Heat
When the weather gets steamy, your child faces the risk of a heat-related illness, such as heat cramps, heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Limit vigorous outdoor play to early morning or late afternoon when the temperature is the lowest. Encourage your child to play in the shade and stop for frequent water break. Signs of a heat-related illness include weakness, dizziness, cramps, paleness, headache, vomiting and fainting, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A heat stroke -- the most severe heat illness -- causes confusion, rapid pulse, a lack of sweat, a high body temperature and unconsciousness. Explain to your child the symptoms so he knows if something is wrong. Watch for the signs in your child on hot days.
Warm Up in Winter
Extreme cold offers a different set of concerns. Kids are more susceptible to frostbite, according to KidsHealth. Layers of warm clothing and covering exposed skin with mittens, hats and scarves help protect your child from the cold. Teach her to head to warmth when she starts to feel uncomfortably cold. Numbness and tingling in red skin is also an indicator that it is time to warm up. Extremities are typically affected by frostbite. Skin with frostbite looks whitish or yellowish gray. Your child needs medical attention for frostbite.
Prep for Severe Weather
Severe weather can happen any time of year. The specific threats vary by location. Kids living in coastal areas should learn about hurricane safety, for example. Children in northern states need to know about blizzards and ice storms that can happen in the winter. Explain to your child what you will do in case of those severe weather events. Practice drills as necessary. For example, do a trial run of what to do if a tornado hits the area. Make an action plan in case severe weather hits when you are apart from your children. Teach him what to do if he's at a friend's house when a thunderstorm hits.