During the first year, your baby grows from a completely dependent newborn into a mobile, curious toddler. The toddler period lasts from around 12 months to 36 months of age. During this time, your child learns through movement, exploration and manipulation. Your 14-month-old is developing and refining important gross motor, fine motor, language and social skills that enable him to express feelings, interact with others and establish a foundation for future developmental milestones.
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Developmental milestones for a 14-month-old refer to the mastery or practice of skills typical for a child of this age. Milestone lists provide a guideline for parents to gauge developmental progress. Variations are normal. Your child could reach a milestone slightly ahead or behind the average. When using developmental charts for babies born prematurely, use the due date rather than the birth date to determine the corrected age. For example, for a 16-month-old baby who was born two months early, refer to 14 month developmental milestones rather than 16 month.
By 14 months, toddlers typically walk well, climb a step and move from a stooping position to a standing position, according to the Penn State Cooperative Extension System. At this age, expect your toddler to hold and try to use a spoon, stack a few blocks, feed herself finger foods and roll a ball. Your toddler can also turn the pages of a cloth or board book, move to music, play pat-a-cake, hold and try to use a crayon, and wave hello and goodbye.
Language and Social Development
Expect your 14-month-baby to say two or three words and tounderstand and follow simple commands, says Medline Plus. At this age, your toddler responds to his name, recognizes the names of some people, animals and things, repeats sounds and begins putting multiple sounds together, according to the Penn State Cooperative Extension System.
Toddlers this age express frustration or anger by holding their breath, crying or screaming, according to Medline Plus. Your toddler will also laugh, smile and clap to express happiness or excitement. At 14 months, toddlers like to play near parents or caregivers, and exhibit shyness around strangers.
Developmentally appropriate play and interaction helps children reach milestones and establishes a productive, inviting learning environment. Read to your 14-month-old daily, encourage him to name objects or body parts such as "ball" or "nose," allow your toddler to feed or dress himself and respond to your toddler's language by talking to him and using his words in larger sentences, advises the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Play with your toddler using a variety of materials, including puzzles, shape sorters and art materials. Plan games and activities that engage all five senses.
If you suspect a developmental delay, make an appointment with your child's pediatrician. If your toddler needs developmental intervention, the pediatrician can recommend a specialist or program suited to your child's specific needs. Possible causes of developmental delay include genetic factors, ear infections, and pregnancy and birth complications, according to the University of Michigan Health System. Early diagnosis enables you to get the medical and developmental services your child needs, and can even reverse the effects in certain cases.
REFERENCES & RESOURCES
- Penn State Cooperative Extension Service: Development and Characteristics of a 13-14 Month Old Child
- Medline Plus: Toddler Development
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Child Development
- University of Michigan Health System: Developmental Delay
- Emory University School of Medicine: Milestones: Thirteen to Eighteen Months