A woman's body goes through a cycle every month during the pre-menopausal years in which it prepares for pregnancy. If pregnancy does not occur, the lining of the uterus is shed, resulting in a period. A woman's monthly menstrual cycle can cause many physical and emotional symptoms. This can include mood swings, fatigue, stomach cramps and cold and flu-like symptoms. For some women, the symptoms are mild while in others they can disrupt everyday life. If cold and flu symptoms occur during menstruation, there are various remedies that can be tried.
Headache and Muscle Aches
For some women, menstruation causes headaches and general joint and muscle aches that may feel like the onset of a cold or flu, states the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Symptoms from menstruation can begin days before a period occurs and last throughout the period. To help manage symptoms, it may be helpful to keep track of them, along with what makes them better and what makes them worse.
In some cases, taking time during menstruation to exercise and practice relaxation techniques can help to calm symptoms down. Other patients may need prescription or over-the-counter medications to control the pain.
The menstrual cycle can also cause widespread weakness, fatigue and trouble sleeping, claims the National Woman's Health Information Center. This may or may not be accompanied by a loss in appetite and irritability.
If these symptoms occur, it is important to get about eight hours of sleep each night and to try to eat a healthy well balanced diet. It may also be helpful to speak with a health care provider about taking folic acid, calcium, vitamin D, magnesium, vitamin B-6 and/or vitamin E supplements.
While less common some women develop dizzy spells, vertigo or fainting spells during menstruation, warns Merck Manuals Online Medical Library. During this time, a stuffy and runny nose and other typical upper respiratory disease symptoms can also occur. In addition, menstruation can make the symptoms of existing allergies worse.
If symptoms become severe, talking to a health care professional about taking birth control pills or other types of hormone medications is recommended. For some women, these medications provide relief.