A kidney removal surgery is called a nephrectomy. The surgery is done either through a large incision in the front or side of the stomach area or via a laparoscopic method, which involves 3 to 4 smaller incisions of about 1-inch in size, notes MedlinePlus. This surgery is typically performed due to kidney cancer or a kidney damaged by a disease, notes MayoClinic.com. Also, a kidney is sometimes removed so it can be donated.
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A hernia can occur at the area of the incision used for the kidney removal surgery, reports MedlinePlus. This side effect can occur quickly as the incisions start to heal, or it can show up at a later date. A hernia can require an additional surgery for treatment.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure, or hypertension, can occur after a kidney is removed, reports MayoClinic.com. This condition will require ongoing monitoring by a doctor and may also require treatment with a prescription medication. Patients should talk to their doctors before kidney removal surgery concerning the increased risk for high blood pressure, as well as possible treatments options if hypertension does occur.
Pain and Bruising
Bruising and pain can occur near the incision site of the kidney removal, notes MedlinePlus. The pain typically lasts only several days or up to one week. If severe pain continues, those affected should seek evaluation from their doctors. Pain medications can be prescribed for severe pain.
Slight Decrease in Kidney Function
The overall kidney function is somewhat decreased when only one kidney is left after a nephrectomy, reports MayoClinic.com. However, the kidney that remains will typically be strong enough to allow for a normal healthy life with the ability to do typical daily activities. Patients should discuss limitation in activities that may result from the surgery with their doctors.
Sometimes, however, the remaining kidney will fail after surgery or it will not work normally for some time, reports MedlinePlus. These risks cannot be predicted. Patients should discuss all possible risks with a doctor prior to kidney removal surgery.
Injury to Nearby Organs
Injury to other organs near the kidneys can occur during kidney removal surgery, notes MedlinePlus. This is not a common side effect. However, if an injury does occur to another organ it can be serious and will require immediate treatment.