Infertility is characterized by the failure of a couple to achieve pregnancy after a year or more of unprotected intercourse. Male fertility depends on sperm quantity and quality, which can be affected by several things such as lifestyle, environmental, congenital and health-related factors, according to MayoClinic.com. Eating a nutritious diet, exercising, cutting back on alcohol and maintaining a healthy body weight increases fertility and the odds of conceiving. Infertility causes should be diagnosed by a doctor before considering other possible solutions.
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Avocados may be beneficial for male infertility because they contain healthy amounts of vitamin E, an antioxidant that helps the sperm penetrate the egg and speeds motility, reports Fertilitnet.com. Vitamin E helps the body produce healthy sperm. If the body contains insufficient amounts of vitamin E, it cannot produce vital sex hormones that are important for sperm production, reports Healthnotes on the University of Michigan Health System website. Additional foods that contain vitamin E include peanuts, corn, squash and sunflower seeds.
Pumpkin seeds contain substantial amounts of zinc, which may increase sperm count and testosterone, reports WhatToExpect.com. Pumpkin are packed with Omega-3 fatty acids, which might improve sexual function and stimulate blood flow to reproductive organs. A deficiency in zinc may decrease testosterone levels in some men. Additional foods that include zinc include crab, turkey and lamb.
Another powerful antioxidant is pomegranate juice, which may boost sperm quality and count if consumed on a regular basis. According to Acubalance Wellness Centre, pomegranate juice contains antioxidant properties that may help increase sperm cell density, sperm motility and manage erectile dysfunction. It may also decrease abnormal sperm amounts. In regards to male fertility, the health benefits of pomegranate have focused on the juice and pulp of the fruit although extracts are also gaining attention.
Tomatoes may have a positive effect upon male fertility, according to Fertilinet.com. Tomatoes contain substantial amounts of the antioxidant carotenoid lycopene. In men with low levels of carotenoid lycopene, this antioxidant can improve sperm motility and and count. Healthnotes on the University of Michigan site notes that carotenoid lycopene is important for healthy sperm and that men struggling with low levels of lycopene usually have fertility problems. Other carotenoid-lycopene rich foods include watermelon, grapes and pink grapefruit.