Diabetes is a disorder that affects the way the body uses digested food for energy and growth. A person with diabetes cannot maintain a stable blood sugar level on his own. Foods high in carbohydrates tend to raise blood sugar levels, which can trigger side effects in diabetics. Diabetics can enjoy many of the same foods as non-diabetics as long as some substitutions are made to cut back on refined carbs and to include healthy fats rather than unhealthy ones. Pizza is a food that can be easily changed from unhealthy to healthy without sacrificing flavor
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Purchase whole wheat pizza dough from your local grocery store or health food store. According to the website Natural Diabetes Control, whole wheat products can actually help to stabilize blood sugar levels, whereas white flour products like regular pizza dough can raise them. Whole wheat dough is also higher in fiber, vitamins and minerals as compared to regular pizza dough. Stretch the dough out on a baking pan without adding any extra oil. Let the dough sit for 20 minutes before adding toppings.
Spread a low-sodium tomato sauce on the dough. Low-sodium tomato sauce can also be purchased in a health food store. The American Diabetes Association recommends that diabetic meals be low in sodium, since sodium increases blood pressure and may raise the risk of stroke in diabetics. Fresh tomatoes make a good substitute for low-sodium tomato sauce if you don’t have sauce on hand. Add extra flavor without salt by seasoning the pizza with fresh basil and garlic.
Sprinkle a thin layer of low-fat cheese on the pizza. Mozzarella is a high-protein, low fat variety that works well on pizza, but you can also use low-fat cheddar or jack cheese. It’s important for diabetics to limit their fat intakes, especially saturated fat from dairy and meat. Low-fat cheeses contain fewer calories and less saturated fat, making them more heart-healthy.
Add vegetable toppings like broccoli or artichoke hearts, instead of high-fat meats like pepperoni. These vegetables are classified as non-starchy, according to MayoClinic.com. They contain fiber, vitamins, minerals and no fat; they will not spike blood sugar levels. Utilize whatever fresh vegetables you have on hand; bell peppers and asparagus also taste great on pizza.
Bake the pizza in the oven at 375 degrees for 15 minutes or until the crust is golden brown.