Spots on the face, especially in visible places such as beneath the nose, can be frustrating and hard to conceal. They can be caused by a variety of skin conditions and environmental factors, some that are dangerous if left untreated. Therefore, it is important to understand what causes spots under the nose — and how they can be treated.
Spots under the nose can vary in color, texture and size. Some may be flat against the skin, while others may be large, raised bumps. They can vary in color from brownish-black to bright red. Symptoms can also include itching, swelling, scaling, inflammation, tenderness and pain. Facial spots may also contain pus that rises to the surface of the skin. These spots can also appear on other areas of the face and body.
Age spots, which are caused by aging and excess exposure to ultraviolet light, can cause dark spots to develop on the face and body. Skin conditions such as eczema and acne can also result in red, inflamed spots beneath the nose. In addition, the KidsHealth website notes that skin spots can develop due to direct contact with an irritating substance, like a harsh soap or chemical. They can also occur when there is contact with an allergen, such as poison ivy or rubber.
Age spots beneath the nose can be treated with skin bleaching creams, laser treatments or cryotherapy. Pimples and eczema can benefit from over-the-counter medications with lactic acid or benzoyl peroxide in them. In addition, a doctor may suggest an emollient moisturizer, or calamine lotion, to keep skin moisturized and to soothe any itching and irritation. In severe cases, an antihistamine can also be used to treat eczema and allergy symptoms.
To prevent the development of liver spots under the nose, the MedlinePlus website suggests wearing a sunscreen of at least 30 SPF, even in the winter. Eczema and acne can be prevented by washing with a gentle cleanser two times a day to remove makeup and excess oil. Follow up with an oil-free moisturizer to keep skin hydrated. Keep a diary of when spots occur, and look for patterns of contact with particular substances and products.
Some spots under the nose can form quickly, while others can take many days to develop after contact with an allergen or irritating substance. The KidsHealth website recommends working with a doctor or dermatologist to pinpoint the food or other irritant triggering the spots. Try to refrain from scratching the spots beneath the nose. This can increase healing time and can even lead to an infection or permanent scar.