While professional golfers have the ability to maximize club head speed while hitting the ball consistently on the sweet spot, beginners need the help of their equipment to produce good shots. The best golf clubs for female beginners have the same qualities as beginner golf clubs for men, which compensate for low club head speed and inconsistent impact. As a rule of thumb, make sure you look for women's clubs that have a large sweet spot.
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The largest gap in shot shape between a professional and a beginner comes from shots hit with woods. While skilled golfers are able to hit high, straight drives with drivers carrying a loft of 8 degrees or lower, beginners need help getting the ball up in the air. Aim to purchase a driver with at least 10.5 degrees of loft, a 3 wood with at least 15 degrees and a 5 wood with at least 18 degrees. The increased loft will create more backspin on your drives, which will help you get height on your drives, increasing the yards you can cover while the ball is airborne and ultimately increasing your distance. Backspin on your shots also helps minimize side spin, which is the cause of slices and hooks.
Similar to your woods, you should look for irons with higher lofts. A typical 3 iron is around 21 degrees of loft with each successive iron jumping about 3 degrees of loft. In fact, you may find a benefit in replacing your long irons with fairway woods or hybrid clubs. The shape of the club head on a hybrid club will allow beginners with lower swing speeds to pick the ball off the ground from the fairway and rough. You should also get flexible shafts on your irons, along with the rest of your club. Womens flex or senior flex will help you generate more club head speed, which leads to more distance.
Some professional golfers carry up to four or five wedges, but this many is not necessary for a beginner. Because of demanding courses with a variety of hazards, a professional may choose to carry a pitching wedge, sand wedge, gap wedge, attack wedge, lob wedge or any combination of them. As a beginner, you don't really need more than a pitching wedge and a sand wedge because you won't be playing championship courses or attempting wildly difficult shots that require specialized equipment. You will most likely use your pitching wedge for full swings, pitches and chips around the green. Your sand wedge has a degree of bounce on the sole of the club that will help you pick the ball out of sand traps.
A putter is a very personal choice for golfers at any skill level. The best way to evaluate the putter that is best for you is to go to a local golf equipment store or pro shop and simply try putting with several different makes and models. You have to like the way the putter looks at set up and like the feel when you putt the ball. Putter length is important since you don't want to be too upright or too hunched over. Many pro shops and golf equipment outlets carry putters for women that are slightly shorter than those intended for men.