The work place, social organizations, community groups and sports all use teams to accomplish goals. The dynamics of teams determine if these goals will be met in an efficient manner. Identifying team dynamics and understanding positive and negative outcomes that may occur due to the dynamics will assist you to achieve team efforts.
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According to Psychology Campus, a group of people that share and work toward accomplishing a common goal are referred to as a team. The dynamics of a team depend on each team member. Unseen forces that exist in a team between different people or groups are called team dynamics and can strongly influence how a team reacts, behaves or performs. Many factors influence team dynamics, such as personalities of team members, how the team operates, how the team views itself and the team's organization.
Friendships and Team Dynamics
Team Technology notes that the development of friendship within a team can have both positive and negative effects. Friendship can foster communication among members of the team. This may lead to a positive social feel within the group and make members enjoy being a part of the team. This good feeling can increase motivation and commitment to the team. However, a strong friendship within a group can leave other team members feeling excluded and make them less likely to include the friends when decisions are made. These friendships can split the team into sub-groups and lead to a lack of communication leading to unsuccessful efforts to accomplish team goals.
Identify team goals before anyone starts doing the work or playing the game. A common mistake teams make is to assume that team members see tasks the same way and understand how everyone should be contributing. Avoid conflict and conserve resources by developing a plan and communicating as a team. This discussion should identify team mission, tasks and goals.
Knowing Yourself and Knowing Your Team
According to BestFitType.com, each member of the team should be aware of her individual talents and weaknesses. This identification will allow the team member to contribute to her maximum potential. When team members learn about their teammates, individuals can tap into other team members' strengths and talents, thus creating a stronger team.
Avoiding Team Laziness
Social loafing is when team members do not work to their potential, with the assumption that other team members can make up for their laziness. Emphasizing the importance of individual contribution and pride within the group can avoid this phenomenon. Making members accountable for their effort by identifying individual contributions can deter laziness. Breaking the team down into smaller groups when possible is another way to avoid social loafing.