Most recreational golfers buy a standard set of clubs and fit their swing to the clubs instead of changing the clubs to fit personal traits, particularly height. Any club can be adjusted to fit a player, and some manufacturers or local club-makers will build a set to fit you at purchase.
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Why Fitting Makes Sense
Fewer than 5 percent of golfers fit a standard set of golf clubs, according to club manufacturer Titleist, which supports research into club-fitting through its Titleist Performance Institute. Golf's key skill is being able to consistently hit the ball in the center of the clubface, with the face square to the target; properly fit clubs make it easier to accomplish. Also, a "standard" set is loosely defined across the industry, so it's best to work with a club-fitter to make sure all clubs in your set fit you exactly.
Extending the shaft length is one of the primary ways club-fitters adjust clubs to taller golfers. It's not a simple matter of fitting a particular length of shaft to a specific height, though. A player's natural stance can affect the length of club needed. Sometimes a player seeking more consistency needs to not only see a club-fitter, but also a teaching professional when the player's stance needs help.
Just as important is to have the lie angle set correctly throughout the set of clubs. The lie angle is the measure of the angle made between the leading edge of the clubface and the shaft. Taller golfers usually address the ball with a more upright stance, so the lie angle needs to be adjusted so that the club's sole sits nearly flat on the ground at address. Clubs with a lie angle that doesn't fit a golfer make it harder to control the direction of the shot.
Putting accounts for 35 to 40 percent of scoring during a round, so golfers should find the right length and setup for the putter as well. A club-fitter can find the optimal club specifications so that a taller golfer can hit the ball consistently in the heart of the putter's face, which leads to more consistent roll, better touch and fewer putts over time.