A golf club is composed of the grip, shaft, club head and club face. When you swing the club, each part must line up perfectly in order to produce a straight shot that goes the proper distance; this is especially true of the club and face. Minor changes in weight help ensure that perfect alignment is realized.
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The toe of the golf club refers to the far side of the club head, opposite the shaft. When manufacturers place a biased amount of weight in the toe, the club is referred to as "toe weighted." With this weight distribution, the toe rotates slower and results in an open club-face at impact. An open club-face produces spin that leads to fades or slices. This type of shot has a flight pattern that travels to the right of right-handed players, and to the left of left-handed players.
The heel is located where the shaft meets the club head. Placing weight at the heel creates an effect opposite that of toe-weighted clubs. The heel rotates slower, creating a closed club-face on impact. A closed position leads to draws and hooks. This type of shot is characterized by flight patterns that curve to the left for right-handed players and to the right for left-handed players.
Heel-toe weighting adds extra weight to both the heel and the toe. This distribution creates a larger sweet spot on the club face. The sweet spot refers to the optimal location on the club face to strike the ball. Heel-toe weighted clubs are favored by amateur players who benefit from the added forgiveness of a club with a larger sweet spot.
Many players attempt to use heel- or toe-weighted clubs to counter fundamental swing problems. The best shots start with good swings, and weighting systems are used only to make minor adjustments. If you are considering a heel- or toe-weighted club, try adding lead tape to your current club-heads. The lead tape mimics the characteristics of a club with integrated weights. Taping is temporary, customizable and more affordable than buying a full set of new clubs.