Rules provide an agreement of understanding to competition. In sports, rules define what is allowed or not allowed to occur during situations on and off the court. Rules govern anything from wearing proper uniforms to how to keep score during games of different levels of competition. The rules of a game apply to players, coaches and officials, and vary among different sports and age groups.
Rules for Players
The rules for players vary depending on the sport they play and the level they play at. This prevents a bias against things such as age, development and skills on teams. For example, playing football on a high school level involves more rules than a peewee football game. Players are expected to follow rules governed by their team such as behavior, attending practices, camps and drills and wearing the correct uniform. Players may also be expected to train and practice outside of their playing season to stay physically fit and updated on their skills.
Rules for Coaches
To be able to successfully train a team and mentor players during a game, coaches should fully understand the rules of the sport they coach. By not following the correct rules of the sport, the team could face penalties caught by officials during games. Many sports programs require that coaches take continuing education courses to stay updated on rules and procedures. In addition to game play rules, coaches need to understand additional aspects of sports rules such as proper game ethics, nutrition and first aid, and be able to implement these aspects during drills, practices and games.
Rules for Officials
Sports players and coaches depend on officials including umpires and referees to understand all of the rules of a game. Officials should also understand the signaling and whistling codes for the sports they govern. During games, officials track scores, keep time and resolve in-game discrepancies based on the rules for that game. To help officials, players should also keep updated on game rules.
Sports' rules help prevent injuries during practice and in games. Rules govern things such as access to working safety gear, including helmets, padding and mouth guards.
- The Ohio State University: Sports Safety
- The Nemours Foundation: Sportsmanship
- Michigan State University: Sports Official
- NFHS Learning Center: Pricing and State Requirements
- NFL Punt, Pass and Kick:Competition Rules
- Recruiter.com: Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials
- Washington Interscholastic Activities Association: Sports Rules and Regulations