Your bloodstream contains a number of nutrients, hormones, proteins and other compounds that contribute to your health. Abnormally low levels of any blood compounds -- such as vitamin D or protein -- often indicate the presence of an underlying disorder. Left untreated, extremely low levels of vitamin D and protein in your blood can have a number of health risks.
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Vitamin D Deficiency Effects
Extremely low levels of vitamin D in your bloodstream can cause two possible disease: Rickets and osteomalacia, both of which affect your bones. Rickets occurs when children suffer from low vitamin D blood levels, causing abnormalities in the child's growing bones. Adults with low vitamin D in their blood develop osteomalacia, which causes bone defects due to disruption of normal bone remodeling. Both adults and children with extremely low levels of vitamin D in their blood can develop muscle weakness.
Diagnosing and Treating Low Blood Vitamin D
If you develop unexplained muscle weakness, you should seek medical attention to address the possibility of low vitamin D levels. Your doctor will perform a blood test to look at the amount of active vitamin D in your bloodstream, a reflection of the total amount of vitamin D in your body. If you have extremely low levels of the vitamin, your doctor might administer active vitamin D injections or oral vitamin supplements to treat the deficiency and raise your blood vitamin D level.
Low Protein Causes and Risks
Extremely low protein levels in your blood indicate a number of disorders, including liver or kidney disease or malnutrition. Normally, your blood contains a number of amino acids, which are delivered to your cells and used to maintain healthy tissue. A major health risk of extremely low blood protein levels is an inability to synthesize new tissue. Due to the lack of available amino acids, your body cannot properly heal wounds, and begins to suffer tissue deterioration as your cells break down their own protein as a source of amino acids. If the low blood protein levels develop as a result of liver or kidney disease, you might also face a risk of organ failure, which can prove fatal.
Correcting Low Protein Levels
Your doctor might recommend a number of treatments for extremely low blood protein, depending on the underlying cause. Low protein due to a liver disorder or kidney disease often requires drug therapy or other treatments to manage the disease and raise blood protein levels. If you have low blood protein due to severe malnutrition, improving the quality of your diet can increase your blood protein levels, and allow for proper tissue growth. If you suffer from low blood protein levels, talk to your doctor about possible treatment options.