Severe Constipation & Gas in Babies

Mother caring for small baby
Baby (Image: Yobro10/iStock/Getty Images)

When a baby has severe constipation and gas, she might cry for hours at a time. As a parent, that can make you feel frustrated, helpless and very worried. But gas and constipation are normal problems in a baby. When these conditions make your baby scream consistently over several days or cause other symptoms such as fever, rashes or bloody stools, it's time to call her pediatrician.

Constipation

Constipation happens when food particles congeal in the gut and block the colon. In general, very young babies fed on milk don't experience too much constipation. As a baby starts on solid food, constipation becomes a greater risk. Severe constipation causes great discomfort in babies. Babies can't take enemas or stool-softening drugs without a doctor's approval. If your baby is older than 2 months, a 2-oz. serving of prune juice twice per day might help ease the symptoms, according to the MedlinePlus online medical encyclopedia. If your baby has started solid foods, feeding her mashed peas, prunes or other high-fiber foods also helps dislodge constipated stools.

Gas

When your baby feeds, hiccups or breathes in sharply, he sometimes draws air into the stomach and digestive system. Some of this air comes out of his rear end; in other cases, gas gets trapped inside, causing discomfort and even pain. If you press the stomach of a baby with gas, it might feel tight and hard. Burping a baby by holding him against your shoulder and rubbing his back helps to ease trapped gas from the stomach. For severe and stubborn gas, lie your baby on his back and lift his legs to the stomach to gently force out more air.

Colic

Colic describes a range of symptoms that can make a baby cry for 3-hour periods at least three times a week, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. You'll notice clear signs that your baby is unhappy. For example, she might tense her limbs and ball her fists. Both severe gas and constipation may play a role in colic. When crying, babies gulp in more air, making gassy symptoms worse. If you're breastfeeding, avoid eating spicy foods and caffeinated beverages, as well as foods you know cause you to have gas yourself, as these can affect the breast milk and trigger colic.

Other Causes

If your baby has persistent bouts of constipation and seems to cry nearly all the time, this can suggest other health complications. For example, a newborn with severe constipation may have Hirschsprung disease, a condition that blocks the bowels. Symptoms include a swollen belly, bloody diarrhea, green vomit and excessive gas. Another possible, though rare, cause is cystic fibrosis. This condition triggers excess mucus production. Cystic fibrosis often causes severe constipation and gas in babies, particularly newborns. Both cases require medical treatment and advice from a doctor.

REFERENCES & RESOURCES
Comments
PARTNER & LICENSEE OF THE LIVESTRONG FOUNDATION

Copyright © 2018 Leaf Group Ltd. Use of this web site constitutes acceptance of the LIVESTRONG.COM Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Copyright Policy. The material appearing on LIVESTRONG.COM is for educational use only. It should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. LIVESTRONG is a registered trademark of the LIVESTRONG Foundation. The LIVESTRONG Foundation and LIVESTRONG.COM do not endorse any of the products or services that are advertised on the web site. Moreover, we do not select every advertiser or advertisement that appears on the web site-many of the advertisements are served by third party advertising companies.