Azurette, also sold under the brand name Mircette, is a birth control medication used to prevent pregnancy. According to Drugs.com, it is a combination of the female hormones ethinyl estradiol and desogestrel. Specifically, it reduces the chances of your ovaries releasing an egg (ovulation) and it changes the tissue lining of your uterus and cervix to prevent successful fertilization. Typically, you will take Azurette on the first Sunday following your menstrual period or as your doctor prescribes.
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Common Side Effects
According to Drugs.com, Azurette's most common side effects include nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps and bloating. Multiple bouts of vomiting can severely reduce the potassium levels in your blood (hypokalemia) and make you extremely dehydrated. Physical signs of low blood potassium include constipation, muscle cramping and fatigue. Include bananas, apricots, raisins, spinach and other potassium-rich foods into your meals in order to elevate your potassium levels. Physical signs of dehydration include infrequent urination, dry skin and dry lips. Alter your drinking habits and drink six to 10 glasses of water a day. This should keep you hydrated. Azurette can also cause changes in your reproductive system. It can cause vaginal discharge or itching, breast tenderness or pain, menstrual irregularities and changes in your sex drive (libido). Also, Azurette can change your physical appearance and lead to freckle formations, darkening of your skin (melasma), loss of hair (alopecia) or increased hair growth (hirsuitism). In some cases, Azurette can cause headache, nervousness and dizziness. Inform your physician if these side effects remain for at least three to five weeks. She can switch you to another oral contraceptive medication.
Serious Side Effects
The National Library of Medicine says that Azurette can increase your risk for strokes (cerebrovascular accidents), a heart attack (myocardial infarction) and clot formation. Stroke symptoms usually appear suddenly. Its manifestations include sudden tingling and numbness of one side of the body, a sudden headache and trouble eating and speaking. Your doctor will give you a clot-busting agent if the stroke is due to a clot formation in your brain's blood vessels. Like a stroke, heart attack symptoms also emerge suddenly. Typical signs of a heart attack include chest pain that travels down one of your arms, sweating (diaphoresis) and fatigue and trouble breathing. Take one aspirin immediately and call 911. In some cases, Azurette can increase your chances of getting a clot in your lungs (pulmonary embolism) or legs (deep vein thrombosis). A fast heartbeat and trouble breathing characterize pulmonary embolism while leg pain and swelling characterize deep vein thrombosis. It can also cause clots in your eyes (retinal thrombosis) and intestines (mesenteric thrombosis). Retinal thrombosis can severely affect your vision, and intestinal thrombosis can lead to bowel death (ischemia). Severe stomach pain characterizes bowel ischemia.
Avoid Azurette if you are hypersensitive to ethinyl estradiol or desogestrel. A hypersensitivity response to Azurette includes trouble breathing, hives and swelling (edema) of your throat and tongue. The University of Maryland Medical Center indicates that you should avoid smoking or keep it below 15 cigarrettes per day while taking Azurette, especially if you are older than 35. Smoking and Azurette combined increase your chances for blood clot formation. Drugs.com indicates you must avoid Azurette if you have a history of breast or uterine cancer, stroke or blood clots, heart problems and high blood pressure because Azurette can worsen these conditions.