Deep creases between the eyes are telltale signs of aging, but they can also appear in young people as the result of habitual squinting and frowning. These vertical forehead furrows can make even pleasant people look angry or distressed, so they are prime targets for remedial reduction.
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The sun is not your friend when it comes to skin damage. Not only does frequent exposure to sunlight injure the fibers that give skin its elasticity and ability to stretch and snap back, but squinting in bright sunlight forms the creases between the eyebrows until they are permanently etched. Wear sunscreen and sunglasses or a wide-brimmed hat outdoors on sunny days. Squinting to see distances or read fine print is another bad habit. Eyeglasses or a new prescription may help.
Try a Topical
Choosing a topical skin treatment such as a cream, lotion or serum can be confusing, given how many products are on the market, all promising youth and beauty. Products identified as anti-aging are designed to improve the skin overall, while those characterized as anti-wrinkle naturally focus on wrinkles. Moisturizing products that target wrinkles and contain sunscreen are appropriate for treating frown lines. Price is not always a guarantee of success. A dermatologist can recommend suitable products. Read and follow the instructions, give the product time to work and be realistic about your expectations.
Raise Your Eyebrows
Opinions are mixed on the efficacy and even the safety of facial exercises. For those interested in trying a frown line exercise, Marja Putkisto of Method Putkisto suggests pressing both index fingers on the forehead above the eyes. Then push up against your fingers with the eyebrows, resisting with your fingertips. Repeat 8 to 10 times.
Botox Your Nerves
One of the most popular frown line reducers is botulinum toxin, commercially called Botox. The dermatologist injects small amount of the toxin into specific forehead muscles. The Botox blocks the nerve signals to the muscles, relaxing them and flattening the furrows. The effects take from three to seven days to be noticeable. Because the substance metabolizes, the effects generally last from three to four months, and then the treatment needs to be repeated. Botox should only be administered by a qualified physician.
Fill the Trenches
Injectable fillers include those consisting of hyaluronic acid gel or self-donated fat. They produce fast results that can last up to a year. Slower acting fillers, such as poly-L-lactic acid, take longer to show results because they stimulate the skin to produce collagen, but the results can last up to three years. Human-based and bovine-based collagen fillers add volume to fill up frown lines. A board-certified physician, such as a dermatologist, should perform the filler injections.
Tightening the forehead skin can lift the forehead and eyebrows, flattening the creases between the brows. Noninvasive skin tightening is performed using an infrared laser, pulsed infrared light or radio frequency. The physician passes the device over the targeted area as the device transmits heat into the skin. The heat tightens the tissue and triggers the formation of new collagen that makes the skin appear tighter. More than one treatment may be required to produce the desired results.