When an injury that cuts the skin takes place in the body, fibers in the skin known as fibroblasts immediately spring to action, working to repair the damaged or cut area of skin. For smaller cuts, the repaired area may not be noticeable; however, for larger wounds, such as a surgical incision, the scar tissue can build and become discolored. While it may not be possible to completely eradicate a scar, scar removal products exist on the market today that can help a scar become less noticeable, discolored or raised.
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Mederma is a popular scar treatment cream that contains onion extract, according to GoAskAlice.columbia.edu. A natural anti-inflammatory, Mederma contains a proprietary form of onion extract known as Cepalin. When applied daily and over the course of several months, Mederma can work to soften scar tissue, which tends to be filled with tough fibroblasts. Mederma can be used to treat both old and new scars and is available in a variety of forms, including as a gel, a cream and a product created specifically for kids.
Neosporin Scar Solution Silicone Scar Sheets
Silicone scar sheeting is especially effective for hypertrophic scars or keloids, which are typically raised above the skin's surface. Silicone gel sheeting has been proven to reduce or improve a scar's appearance, and the Neosporin product is especially valuable for its ease of use and features its own patented Silon technology, according to Neosporin.com. These sheets should be applied for a period of 12 weeks for at least 12 hours per day. The sheets can be reused anywhere from 3 to 4 days at a time and can be cut to adjust to a person's scar size.
Researchers have not clearly defined why silicone gel sheeting is particularly effective in reducing the appearance of scars, according to GoAskAlice.columbia.edu. Some theories suggest the silicone softens scars by trapping in moisture or the silicone better aligns collagen fibroblasts found in the scar.
Medicinal honey has been used for thousands of years as a healing method to soothe a number of problems, namely colds and scars. Dr. Andrew Weil, famed natural health advisor,recommends medicinal honey for the treatment of scars because of its properties in boosting tissue growth and for its antibacterial properties. Two types of medicinal honey are on the market in the United States--manuka honey, which is obtained from a New Zealand flower and Medihoney--both of which are applied as a dressing over the scar. Dr. Weil points to an article published in the March 1, 2006, issue of the "International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds" that touted medicinal honey's value in reducing infection, lessening swelling and reducing overall signs of scarring.