Prescription Medications to Treat Ringworm

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Over-the-counter treatments for ringworm can only do so much. If ringworm does not respond to these medications or it covers a large area of the body, prescription medication may be necessary. These prescription medications come in both topical medications like lotions, creams and ointments, as well as oral antibiotic medications in the form of pills, capsules or tablets.

Butenafine

Butenafine is a topical antifungal prescription medication. To use this medication, people typically apply the cream to the infected area once a day for a time period specified by their doctor. Serious side effects of butenafine are not expected, according to Drugs.com.

Ciclopirox

Ciclopirox is another topical antifungal prescription medication. It is available as a cream, lotion, nail lacquer and shampoo. Those who have diabetes, are immunosuppressed, take medication to control epilepsy or another seizure disorder, use a topical corticosteroid on a regular basis or use a steroid inhaler on a regular basis may experience complications when using this medication and therefore should talk to a doctor before using it. Drugs.com states that serious side effects are not expected.

Econazole

Another topical antifungal prescription medication called econazole also treats ringworm. This medication is typically applied once or twice a day to the infected area for a period of two to four weeks. Serious side effects of econazole are rare, Drugs.com explains.

Miconazole

Miconazole is another prescription medication applied directly to the skin to treat ringworm. This medication is also available in many forms, including creams, lotions, sprays and powders. People normally use miconazole once or twice a day for a period of two to four weeks. Serious side effects are not expected, Drugs.com says.

Oxiconazole

Oxiconazole is another topical antifungal prescription medication that treats ringworm. To use this medication, people typically apply the cream or lotion to the infected area once or twice a day for approximately two to four weeks. Serious side effects of oxiconazole are not expected, according to Drugs.com.

Terbinafine

Terbinafine is an oral prescription antifungal antibiotic. Certain people should avoid terbinafine, including those who have kidney disease, liver disease or an autoimmune disorder such as lupus or psoriasis. In addition, some people taking terbinafine developed severe liver damage that leads to a liver transplant or death, although it hasn't been determined whether this was caused by the medication or an undiagnosed medical condition that existed before taking terbinafine, Drugs.com explains. Common side effects of terbinafine include stomach pain, heartburn, diarrhea, headache, fatigue, cold symptoms, mild skin rash, itching, unpleasant taste in the mouth or decreased taste sensation.

Itraconazole

Itraconazole is another oral antifungal antibiotic. It has the potential to interact negatively with many different medications, so people interested in using this medication should talk to a doctor about all their current medications before deciding if itraconazole is right for them. In addition, some people should avoid taking itraconazole if possible, including those with heart problems, circulation problems, history of stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), breathing disorders, kidney disease, liver disease, cystic fibrosis or a personal or family of the heart condition "long QT syndrome." Common side effects of itraconazole include diarrhea, constipation, mild stomach pain, mild itching or skin rash, headache, dizziness, runny nose or other cold symptoms.

Fluconazole

Fluconazole is an oral antifungal antibiotic. Like itraconazole, it has the potential to interact negatively with many different medications, so check with a doctor before using this medication. People with a history of kidney disease, liver disease, heart rhythm disorder or a personal or family history of "long QT syndrome" should also talk to a doctor before deciding if this medication is right for them. Common side effects of fulconazole include mild nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or upset stomach, headache, dizziness, an unusual taste in the mouth, skin rash or itching.

Ketoconazole

Ketoconazole is an oral antifungal antibiotic. People with a history of decreased stomach acid (achlorhydria), kidney disease, liver disease, heart rhythm disorder or a personal or family history of "long QT syndrome" should also talk to a doctor before using this medication. Common side effects of ketoconazole include mild nausea, vomiting or stomach pain, mild itching or skin rash, headache, dizziness, breast swelling, or impotence or loss of interest in sex.

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