Freckles and dark spots on your face are the result of sun exposure. Also called age spots, they occur when production of melanin, which is the dark pigment of your skin, is accelerated by ultraviolet light. Most of the time they are harmless, but you may want to remove them for cosmetic reasons. According to MayoClinic.com, you should consult your doctor or dermatologist if your dark spots change in appearance, since this could indicate a form of skin cancer called melanoma. A freckle should also be examined by a doctor is if it has an irregular border, is very dark or has a combination of colors.
Test your skin for sensitivity to a hydroquinone cream. Apply it to an area of your skin that has hyperpigmentation. Remove the cream and wait 24 hours. If you don't experience a rash or redness, it is fine to apply it anywhere you want to remove freckles. Hydroquinone is a chemical that decreases the production of melanosomes, which are the melanin pigment granules. MayoClinic.com recommends hydroquinone as a treatment for removing dark spots from the skin.
Cleanse your skin with warm water and a gentle antimicrobial soap. Rinse and pat dry.
Apply a thin layer of hydroquinone to the skin twice per day, once in the morning and before your bedtime. It is important to rub the hydroquinone cream into your skin only in the places you are treating freckles as hydroquinone will lighten normal skin as well.
Repeat your hydroquinone cream application everyday. You should expect results within a few months.