There can be several reasons why are experiencing pain in your calf. If you are involved in exercise or sports, your pain may be attributed to sprains and strains based on injury. If you are sedentary and you experience pain in your calf when you stretch your leg, you may have a systemic disease or a blood clot. Each requires immediate medical attention.
Both sprains and strains are common injuries with similar symptoms but actually effect different parts of your body. According to the Mayo Clinic experts, a strain is a stretching or tearing injury to your tendon. Tendons are comprised of cord-like tissue that attaches your muscles to your bones. If you have strained your hamstring muscle, you can experience pain in the back of your thigh, which may radiate to your calf.
A sprain injury involves stretching or tearing ligaments taht connect one bone to another inside a joint. A common area for a sprain injury is the ankle. Sprains can be as painful as a broken bone and often take nearly as long to heal. Severe sprains and strains may even require surgery to repair the damaged tissues. A sprain may occur if you are walking or exercising on an uneven surface.
There are two types of peripheral vascular diseases. One is called simply Peripheral Vascular Disease, or PVD, and the other is Peripheral Artery Disease, or PAD. Both diseases are dangerous and cause painful symptoms known as claudication. If you have intermittent claudication, you are likely to experience muscle pain or cramping in your hip, thigh or calf that is triggered by activity such as stretching your leg or walking. If you experience this type of symptom, it is wise to see your health-care provider as soon as possible.
Also known as phlebitis or Deep Vein Thrombosis, DVT, thrombophlebitis occurs when a blood clot causes swelling in a vein -- usually in your leg, according to the experts at Mayo Clinic. If the blood clot is in a vein near the surface of your skin it is known as thrombophlebitis or phlebitis. Sometimes, a clot will form in a vein deep in a muscle in your leg. This condition is known as DVT. Leg pain with walking or stretching is a common symptom. A clot in your vein can be dangerous if it dislodges and travels to your lungs. If you have pain upon stretching or after rest, see your health-care provider as soon as possible. He will determine if you have a serious condition that requires treatment, or a simple strain or sprain.