Hi, I'm Dr. Steven Hausman of Hausman Technology Keynotes. And I was speaking with you about important counseling for athletes. Athletes and those involved in sports activities are subject to a number of conditions and injuries that maybe more serious and frequent than those which occur in the rest of the populations. While some athletic injuries result from accidents. Others maybe due to improper equipment, lack of conditioning or insufficient warm up and stretching. These range from minor scrapes and bruises to bone and muscle injuries, to brain and spinal cord injuries. Athletes should be warned that there is never a good reason to work through the pain of an injury. Continuing the activity will only cause further harm. Athletes playing contact sports are particularly at risk of injuries, even with proper equipment and training. It has also been shown that women athletes have higher injury rates than men in many sports, such basketball, volleyball and soccer. And are six times more likely to suffer a tear of the knee ligament than men. It is important to make sure the children are not permitted to play when injured. And children also need to avoid playing sports when very tired or in pain. Adult athletes need to learn the correct way to perform their sport using proper technique and training. There should be a total body workout of cardiovascular conditioning, strength training and flexibility. Women should increase their emphasis on muscle strength and conditioning to avoid injury. Be encouraged to maintain a normal body weight and avoid excessive exercise that might affect their menstrual cycle. Any sort of injury to the head or spine needs to be dealt with very quickly. And the athlete should not be allowed to continue the activity until they have been evaluated by medical personnel.