I'm Clover Zatzman, here at the Ice House, and this is how to lace up skates for extreme ice skating. Lacing up skates properly is really important to prevent injury and to support the skaters ankle while they're on the ice. The skater should either be wearing thin socks that extend above the boot of the skate or tights. Make sure there's no wrinkles in the socks or tights that will obstruct the feeling of the foot in the skate. Make sure if you're tying a children's skates, that you put the skates on the correct feet. This may sound silly, but I can't tell you how many learn to skate skaters I've seen come to my classes with skates on the opposite feet. Have the skater push their foot into their skate, and after the foot is inside, have them kick their heel back two or three times. This ensures that the heel locks into place in the back of the boot, and that the toes are not being pushed up against the front of the boot. If tying your own skates, you can then leave your foot flat on the floor with the weight on the heel. If tying a child's skates, gently lift up their foot right around to your knee area, while keeping their foot flat. Don't let them point their toe, otherwise this will force their toes far forward into the skate. Pull the top part of the laces first to make sure the tongue is sitting straight. This is really important for the tongue to be straight, otherwise the skater will break their skates in incorrectly. Now start from the bottom and begin to pull the laces up, one x at a time. The bottom two x's can be a little bit looser, so as not to put too much pressure onto the toes of the skater, but above that, make sure you're pulling very snug. A big mistake is that parents or skaters sometimes pull their lace much too loose. After you've pulled all the x's to the top, pull it very tight and then take your lace, loop your lace under the other one twice. This is especially helpful when breaking in new skates. If you have rentals, that step is not completely necessary, but if you have your own skates, this helps the skater find the correct place where the bend in the ankle occurs. Now begin at the hooks. Hook around and under, not under and over. Going over and under allows the lace to be more solidly attached to the hook. Make sure that the first two or three hooks are very tight. With a younger skater there may only be three hooks. With an older skater and the larger foot size, there will be four hooks. The bottom two or three hooks must be very tight and make sure you make a cross x in between each hook. The top hook can be a little bit looser to ease the bending of the knee for the skater. After this, you can tie your bow. Make sure to double knot your bow to secure the knot so that it will not come undone while the skater is performing their exercises on the ice. Never bring your laces wrapped around behind the skating boot. This is a common mistake parents make. Always make sure you go up the hooks and tie the double knotted loop. If there are extra laces, then just continue around the hooks an extra time before doing the loop. It's important that laces do not hang anywhere near the blade, otherwise the skater could skate over the lace and fall down and have an injury. Always pull pants over the boot. Never tuck your pants into the boot or this will ruin the feel of the ankle for the skater. Knowing how to tie your skates correctly is really important for the comfort of the skater on the ice, and it also helps to prevent injuries and keep your ankles nice and secure.