Age spots, also known as liver spots, occur most frequently on the hands, shoulders, arms and other areas of the body most exposed to sunlight. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, age spots appear in adults over the age of 40 most commonly, though they can affect anyone. Caused by over-exposure to the sun and other sources of ultraviolet light, age spots are often difficult to remove. Several home remedies exist that can gently lighten and remove age spots without causing more unnecessary damage to the skin.
Apply fresh aloe vera gel to your age spots once or twice a day. Aloe gel contains chemicals believed to remove dead skin cells and promote the growth of new healthy cells. With regular use, aloe gel will lighten and possible remove age spots. If you don't have access to fresh aloe gel from a living plant, use an organic store-bought variety with minimal additives.
Dab fresh lemon juice directly onto your age spots twice a day until you achieve the desired results. Lemon juice contains mild citric acid just strong enough to safely remove dead skin cells and reveal fresh new layers of skin beneath. This process has the added benefit of lightening age spots as it removes the darker layers of skin.
Make your own effective age spot removal remedy by combining grated horseradish root, lemon juice, vinegar and rosemary essential oil. In her book “Smart Medicine for Your Skin,” Jeanette Jacknin recommends applying this solution to age spots once or twice a day.
Bleach away small age spots using 5 percent hydrogen peroxide. Apply the liquid directly to your age spots using a cotton swab once a day for several weeks, or until you notice results. Peroxide may be drying, so follow the treatment with a moisturizing lotion, especially if you already have dry skin.
Apply buttermilk directly to the affected areas and allow it to remain for five to 10 minutes before rinsing clean. Repeat daily as needed. Buttermilk contains lactic acid that exfoliates pigmented areas of skin and lightens age spots with regular use.