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Human Brain Thinking Process

author image Sharon Takiguchi
Individual expertise lies in the healthcare discipline with over 40 year's front line experience. The attached resume demonstrates in depth expertise in medical/health practice, teaching, research, law and publication. The work settings ranged from private/public hospitals and clinics, insurance companies, private/public colleges to military healthcare settings. Illness prevented publication over the last year, but health status stabilized.
Human Brain Thinking Process
Many chemicals in the brain are involved in the thought process. Photo Credit XiXinXing/iStock/Getty Images

"The world we have created is a product of our thinking; it cannot be changed without changing our thinking." --Albert Einstein

Thinking exists as the top mental activity demonstrated by man. All human accomplishments and advancement come from the results of thought. Civilization, knowledge, science and technology arise from the thinking process. Thought and activity are inseparable. Man normally perceives an action in his mind before undertaking an activity.

The Brain Building Blocks

Human Brain Thinking Process
Neurons in the brain transport the chemicals for the thinking process. Photo Credit blue neuron image by Andrew Brown from Fotolia.com

The brain’s primary building element starts with the brain cells known as neurons. Chemical processes in the brain send out messages through the neurons that determine the mental processes along with thinking. Cells called glia exist between the neurons in the brain. Mark Treadwell, an educator from New Zealand at I-learnt Website, indicates the glia interact with the neurons and hormones chemically in the production of thought. The motor neurons produce the action in our muscles and the sensory neurons connect to our five senses.

The Five Senses

Human Brain Thinking Process
Sight is one of the five senses used for collecting data by the brain. Photo Credit clear sight image by Allyson Ricketts from Fotolia.com

The five senses in the body are sight, taste, smell, touch and hearing. The senses bring information back to the central process in the brain. Emotions exert an effect on human thinking by producing actions such as crying, laughing and sadness that modify the sensory information.

Thinking Process

Human Brain Thinking Process
Thinking combines both stored information and new information from the outside world. Photo Credit man thinking image by forca from Fotolia.com

Thinking brings together information to link the various parts into something comprehensible. Cognition refers to the thought process. The American College of Radiology and the Radiology Society describe functional MRI as a diagnostic procedure that can determine precisely the location of thought processes in the brain. A positron emission topography scan also can document images of the brain during a range of thought processes. The future has promise for new insights into the thinking process using these new technologies.

Reasoning Process

Human Brain Thinking Process
Reasoning draws conclusion from information. Photo Credit girl thinking image by Marina Bartel from Fotolia.com

Reasoning implies taking facts and evidence perceived by the senses and combining it with thinking to draw conclusions. Changing Minds Organization lists 20 types of reasoning. The most common types include inductive and deductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning refers to the process of starting from specifics and expanding the concepts to cover a range of observations. Deductive reasoning implies starting from a general rule and moving to a specific item.

The Learning Process

Human Brain Thinking Process
Learning involves multiple processes of experiences, thought and reasoning. Photo Credit student image by Ivanna Buldakova from Fotolia.com

Learning occurs to help the individual think. Human beings learn using a trial and error process along with incorporating experiences, abstract thought and deduction. According to Science Daily, intelligence arises from the number of connections learned. The brain integrates the incoming data with the information stored in the brain.

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