The human liver is one of the body's most complex and important organs, regulating the immune system by filtering the blood and aiding the digestive system. The National Digestive Disease Information Clearinghouse reports that fatty liver, or the buildup of fat deposits in the organ, either accompanies or is a side effect or symptom of obesity, high cholesterol and/or type 2 diabetes. The condition, which the American Liver Foundation reports could affect up to one-quarter of Americans, is reversible through healthy lifestyle choices. It can cause liver damage if left untreated. Your physician may refer you to a nutritionist of suggest a diet low in fats and high-glycemic foods.
Harvard's School of Public Health reports that dark green, leafy vegetables can lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiac problems, such as heart attack and stroke. This group, which includes Swiss chard, Brussels sprouts, kale and spinach, reduces toxins in the liver and promotes liver enzyme production. According to Disabled World, liver enzymes protect the liver and rid it of foreign particles, including toxins and fat deposits. Salad greens--dandelions, endive and chicory--and artichokes stimulate bile flow in the liver. Bile is the secretion that assists the body with fat digestion.
Foods with a high glycemic index are converted to sugar during the digestive process. These include breads and baked goods made with white flour, sweets with refined sugar, as well as those made with white rice or potatoes. A 2007 study conducted by Children's Hospital, Boston and reported on the Washington Post's website revealed that high-glycemic foods can cause fatty liver. Whole and/or unprocessed grains--durum, rye, oats and barley, to name a few--are among the grains most beneficial.
Antioxidants neutralize free radicals--unattached oxygen molecules--in the body that promote tissue inflammation. In people with fatty liver, it could speed liver damage. Oranges and citrus fruits contain high levels of vitamin C, a powerful antioxidant that assists the body in reducing inflammation. A 2003 Brazilian study published in "Nutrition Journal" revealed that consuming vitamin C prevented the onset of fatty liver in rats.