A variety of skin and bone conditions can affect your feet, including your big toes. Red bumps on the skin of your big toes may show up all of a sudden or may develop gradually, over time. Accompanying symptoms can help you determine the cause of your bumps. While some bumps may go away on their own, others require medical intervention.
Symptoms may vary depending on the cause of your bumps. Symptoms of common foot conditions may include large, reddish lumps near the joints, flat raised spots or numerous, small red bumps near the hair follicles on the top sides of your big toes. Other symptoms, such as itching, oozing and pain, may accompany the appearance of your bumps.
Corns, calluses and warts may cause bumps on your big toes. While these bumps may start out flesh-colored, irritation from your shoes may cause the bumps to turn reddish in color. Bug and spider bites can cause red bumps over various areas of your body, including your big toes. According to Medline Plus, possible causes of skin bumps and lumps include cysts, boils, abscesses and certain types of cancer.
According to "The New York Times," toe problems often occur due to pressure from shoes that fit poorly. Wear shoes that fit properly, especially when you need to stand for long periods. Going barefoot outdoors may increase your risk of bug bites on your feet and toes. A deformity in the joint can lead to the appearance of a bony bump that forms near the base of your big toe.
MayoClinic.com advises using pads to provide protection in areas where corns and calluses form. Depending on the underlying cause of your bumps, soaking your big toe in warm water may provide temporary relief. Keep the skin clean by gently washing with a mild cleanser. Topical creams that contain hydrocortisone may help relieve the itching that can accompany skin bumps.
Possible medical treatments include prescription-strength creams that reduce swelling and itching. If your red bumps contain pus, your doctor may prescribe oral or topical antibiotics. Your doctor may treat corns and calluses with acidic solutions or recommend surgery for some cases of toe bumps including bunions. MayoClinic.com advises that individuals with diabetes can have a greater risk for developing complications from corns and calluses.