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List of Antioxidant Vitamins

by
author image Rebecca Slayton
Rebecca Slayton is a Registered Dietitian and has worked in the nutrition field since 2006. Slayton received the 2005 Betty Feezor Scholarship Award for her studies. She holds a Master of Science in food and nutrition from East Carolina University.
List of Antioxidant Vitamins
List of Antioxidant Vitamins Photo Credit Siri Stafford/Photodisc/Getty Images

Free radicals created from oxidation can harm the cells in your body. Antioxidants protect you from the destruction of free radicals by binding together to decrease their harmful effects. To some extent, antioxidants can reverse damage already caused by free radicals. You can stay healthier by eating foods rich in antioxidants.

Vitamin A

List of Antioxidant Vitamins
Milk and eggs contain vitamin A. Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Goodshoot/Getty Images

Vitamin A and the provitamin A carotenoid, beta carotene, help protect you from free radicals. Vitamin A and beta carotene are also responsible for healthy vision, cell growth and normal formation and maintenance of your heart, kidneys, lungs and other organs. According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, adults and children older than 4 need 5,000 international units of vitamin A per day. Some of the richest sources of vitamin A are liver and fish oils, with beef liver providing 444 percent of your daily needs. Milk and eggs also contain vitamin A. Beta carotene, which is converted into vitamin A in your body, is highest in orange and yellow vegetables, dark green leafy vegetables, fruits, tomato products and some vegetable oils. A sweet potato provides 561 percent of your daily needs for vitamin A.

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Vitamin C

List of Antioxidant Vitamins
Vitamin C is mostly found in fruits, vegetables and fortified grains. Photo Credit Nick White/Digital Vision/Getty Images

The antioxidant vitamin C is able to regenerate other antioxidants within the body, helping to guard against even more free radical damage. Protein metabolism and wound healing are other roles of vitamin C. Based on daily values, adults and children older than 4 need 60 milligrams of vitamin C per day. Vitamin C is mostly found in fruits, vegetables and fortified grains. Most Americans consume their recommended vitamin C intake from tomatoes, tomato juice and potatoes. Red peppers, one of the richest sources of vitamin C, provide 158 percent of your daily needs per 1/2-cup serving.

Vitamin E

List of Antioxidant Vitamins
Vegetable oils, nuts and seeds are rich sources of vitamin E. Photo Credit Comstock/Stockbyte/Getty Images

As a fat-soluble vitamin, vitamin E stops the production of reactive oxygen species that form when fat is broken down into energy. Vitamin E intake is also important to maintain a healthy immune system. The FDA recommends adults and children older than 4 consume a daily intake of 30 international units of vitamin E. Vegetable oils, nuts and seeds are rich sources of vitamin E. Dark green leafy vegetables and fortified cereals also contain vitamin E.

Other Antioxidants

List of Antioxidant Vitamins
Organ meats and seafood are the richest sources of selenium. Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Polka Dot/Getty Images

Lutein, lycopene and selenium are other natural antioxidants found in foods. Lutein, also crucial for healthy vision, is in eggs. Red fruits and vegetables contain lycopene. Tomato products contain a high content of lycopene. Selenium, classified as a trace element, plays a role in reproduction, DNA synthesis and thyroid hormone metabolism. Organ meats and seafood are the richest sources of selenium.

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