Shoulder flexion exercises recruit muscles in the front of the shoulders, including the deltoids and pectoralis muscles. Shoulder flexion involves moving the upper arms up and in front, as you bend the shoulder joint; these exercises help increase range of motion and strength in various settings.
Methods of Exercise
Shoulder flexion exercises are performed with or without a resistance band or weights. Building strength in the shoulder muscles helps athletes lift themselves up, such as in rock climbing. Stretching exercises improve shoulder range of motion. As you build shoulder strength, increase the resistance of the band or add more weight.
Stretching Shoulder Flexion Exercises
Shoulder flexion exercises that emphasize stretching the shoulder muscles, as opposed to strengthening them, typically precede exercises intended to strengthen shoulders. To perform a stretching shoulder flexion exercise, lie on the floor in a comfortable position. Grasp and hold your right wrist with your left hand. Lift your right arm toward the ceiling and hold for three counts. Lower and repeat up to 10 times on each side.
A more advanced shoulder flexion exercise involves attaching a band to a stable object. Grasp the end of a band with handles that have been attached to a sturdy object. Stand with your arms by your sides in front of the object. Keep your elbows straight as you raise your arms up slowly and with control, maintaining tension in the band. Lower your arm down to complete one repetition. Substitute a dumbbell for a resistance band if you prefer.