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Signs and Symptoms of Anemia in Kids

by
author image Dr. David Brown
Dr. David Brown is an assistant professor of public health at Jackson State University. He holds a doctorate in health education and a Master of Arts in computers and education from Teachers College, Columbia University. Brown is also a Master Certified Health Education Specialist.
Signs and Symptoms of Anemia in Kids
A physical examination and blood tests help determine the cause of childhood anemia. Photo Credit Darrin Klimek/Digital Vision/Getty Images

One in every 5 children in the U.S. develops anemia at some point during childhood, according to the authors of a June 2010 article published in "American Family Physician." While there are many causes of childhood anemia, some common signs and symptoms are prevalent in children affected by the condition. If your child has signs or symptoms suggestive of anemia, schedule an appointment with your doctor for testing and appropriate treatment.

Common Signs and Symptoms

While no two cases of childhood anemia are the same, the disease has some common signs and symptoms. Children with anemia may exhibit one or more of these, including a rapid heart beat, pale skin, leg cramps, tiredness, dizziness, shortness of breath, headaches, brittle nails and feeling cold.

Behavioral Signs and Symptoms

Another key indicator of anemia in children includes changes in their behavior. Some behavioral signs and symptoms that may indicate anemia include lack of energy, tiring easily or getting winded while at play, poor feeding in infants and difficulty concentrating.

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Less Common Signs and Symptoms

Depending on the underlying cause, some children experience less common signs and symptoms of anemia. These may include jaundice or yellowing of the skin, nose bleeds, easy bruising, frequent infections, fever, blood in the urine or stool and swelling in the abdominal region.

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