One in every 5 children in the U.S. develops anemia at some point during childhood, according to the authors of a June 2010 article published in "American Family Physician." While there are many causes of childhood anemia, some common signs and symptoms are prevalent in children affected by the condition. If your child has signs or symptoms suggestive of anemia, schedule an appointment with your doctor for testing and appropriate treatment.
Common Signs and Symptoms
While no two cases of childhood anemia are the same, the disease has some common signs and symptoms. Children with anemia may exhibit one or more of these, including a rapid heart beat, pale skin, leg cramps, tiredness, dizziness, shortness of breath, headaches, brittle nails and feeling cold.
Behavioral Signs and Symptoms
Another key indicator of anemia in children includes changes in their behavior. Some behavioral signs and symptoms that may indicate anemia include lack of energy, tiring easily or getting winded while at play, poor feeding in infants and difficulty concentrating.
Less Common Signs and Symptoms
Depending on the underlying cause, some children experience less common signs and symptoms of anemia. These may include jaundice or yellowing of the skin, nose bleeds, easy bruising, frequent infections, fever, blood in the urine or stool and swelling in the abdominal region.
- American Family Physician: Evaluation of Anemia in Children
- Pediatrics: Just the Facts; Thomas P. Green, M.D., et al.
- Journal of Pediatrics: Continuation of the Decline in Prevalence of Anemia in Low-Income Infants and Children in Five States
- National Institutes of Health: Types of Hemolytic Anemia
- National Institutes of Health: What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Hemolytic Anemia?
- National Institutes of Health: What Is Aplastic Anemia?
- National Institutes of Health: What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Aplastic Anemia?
- A Practical Guide to Pediatric Emergency Medicine: Caring for Children in the Emergency Department; N. Ewen Amieva-Wang, et al. (eds.)