Corticosteroids are a type of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex. When the adrenal cortex does not produce enough of these hormones, synthetic versions of the hormones may be administered to prevent unwanted symptoms. These drugs can also be used to treat inflammatory conditions of the skin, immune system and other organs of the body.
Betamethasone is a corticosteroid used to treat inflammation and other symptoms of skin conditions. According to the National Institutes of Health, it is available in aerosol spray, lotion, ointment and cream forms. Possible side effects of betamethasone include acne, burning, itching, dry skin, cracked skin and changes in skin color.
Budesonide is a corticosteroid used to treat asthma. The University of Maryland Medical Center indicates that this drug is available in oral capsule, oral inhalation and nasal spray forms. It can also be used in a nebulizer. This drug can cause side affects that interfere with normal function of several body systems. The most common side effects of budesonide are nausea, headache and respiratory infection.
Cortisone is used to treat inflammation and adrenal insufficiency. This drug can also be used to treat allergic conditions, ulcerative colitis, lupus, arthritis, breathing disorders and psoriasis. Side effects of cortisone include insomnia, increased sweating, nausea, bloating, stomach pain, slow wound healing, acne, dry skin and changes in the location of fat in the body.
Dexamethasone is used to treat arthritis, asthma, severe allergies, inflammatory intestinal disorders and skin disorders. According to the National Institutes of Health, it can also be used when the adrenal glands do not function properly. Possible side effects of dexamethasone include stomach irritation, headache, insomnia, dizziness, restlessness, anxiety, easy bruising, irregular menstrual periods, upset stomach, vomiting, depression, acne and increased hair growth.
Hydrocortisone is available as a spray, liquid, lotion, gel, cream, ointment and medicated towelette that can be used on the skin. Suppositories, creams, enemas and ointments are available for use in treating anal itching. This drug can relieve skin irritations, rashes and itching. Possible side effects of hydrocortisone include acne, burning, changes in skin color, dry skin, itching and cracked skin.
Methylprednisolone is used to treat inflammation caused by conditions such as arthritis, ulcerative colitis, breathing disorders, psoriasis, allergic conditions and lupus. Methylprednisolone side effects can include sweating, spinning sensation, bloating, nausea, acne, stomach pain, slow wound healing, thinning skin, mood changes, bruising, changes in the location of body fat, headache, dizziness and insomnia.
Prednisolone is used to treat endocrine disorders, collagen diseases, skin conditions, allergic conditions, respiratory conditions, blood disorders, gastrointestinal diseases and diseases of the eye. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, insomnia, increased appetite, nervousness and indigestion occurred in more than 10 percent of clinical trial subjects. Other possible side effects of prednisolone include increased hair growth, diabetes, joint pain, glaucoma, cataracts and nosebleed.
Prednisone is used to treat inflammation associated with asthma, ulcerative colitis, arthritis, psoriasis, lupus, skin conditions and allergic disorders. Johns Hopkins University indicates that this drug can have several undesirable side effects. The possible side effects of prednisone include weight gain, high blood pressure, bone thinning, mood changes, easy bruising, insomnia, stretch marks, acne, cataracts and glucose intolerance.