Glutamic acid is a non-essential amino acid. A non-essential amino acid is an amino acid that is produced in the body from other substances and the body does not require a dietary intake of glutamic acid. Glutamic acid is mostly metabolized in your brain and this substance is an essential neurotransmitter which is essential for normal, healthy brain function. If you do not produce the proper quantities of glutamic acid, some serious brain disorders can arise. For these brain disorders, treatment with glutamic acid can provide some health benefits.
Glutamic acid may prove beneficial in the treatment of muscular dystrophy. A study performed at the DNA Laboratory at Guy's Hospital in London showed that a deficiency of glutamic acid was found in the phenotype of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The introduction of glutamic acid may reverse the defiency and promote a treatment for this disorder.
Glutamic acid may also be an effective treatment for schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. A study performed at the Psychiatric Institute at the University of Illinois-Chicago revealed in a post mortem study that schizophrenics have a decreased level of glutamic acid. Introduction of glutamic acid therapy in order to reverse the deficiency may offer an effective therapy for this disorder.
Individuals who suffer from Parkinson's disease are also deficient in glutamic acid. Research performed by the Department of Anatomy and Physiology at Boston University School of Medicine confirmed that individuals with Parkinson's disease have a significantly lower glutamic acid levels than the control patients involved with the study. Glutamic acid therapy could be an effective treatment for Parkinson's disease by regulating glutamic acid levels in the brain and reducing the effects of Parkinson's disease.
IQ for Mentally Challenged Individuals
Glutamic acid may also help mentally challenged individuals function at a higher level. According to the British Journal of Psychiatry, individuals with greatly reduced intelligence quotas were treated with glutamic acid for a period of 10 months. The results of the study showed that over the 10-month period, 50 percent of the individuals treated with glutamic acid improved their intelligence quota by eight to 11 points opposed to no change in the group not treated with glutamic acid.
- Dietary Fiber Foods: Non-Essential Amino Acids: Definition and Functions
- PubMed.gov: Loss of a single amino acid from dystrophin resulting in Duchenne muscular dystrophy with retention of dystrophin protein
- PubMed.gov: Decrease in reelin and glutamic acid decarboxylase67 (GAD67) expression in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder: a postmortem brain study
- PubMed.gov: Decreased glutamic acid decarboxylase mRNA expression in prefrontal cortex in Parkinson's disease
- British Journal of Psychiatry: The Treatment of Mental Defectives with Glutamic Acid