Running any distance is an accomplishment in and of itself. Running that same distance faster, though, is an even bigger accomplishment. Increasing both your speed and distance is downright impressive.
If you want to become faster and be able to go father, you'll have to set up your training program — and work hard at it. In the
Sprinters are the kings and queens of speed in the running world. A distance runner doesn't use the same running technique as a sprinter and runs much farther, but they can learn a thing or two from the way a sprinter trains.
To get faster, a sprinter has to make his leg muscles stronger and faster. In the weight room, use exercises such as barbell squats, deadlifts and lunges to strengthen your leg muscles. The goal of these exercises is to get stronger, so focus on adding weight over time.
Read More: Sprint Workouts for Speed
Start training by learning proper
Do each exercise at least once per week to give yourself time to recover. Do the same number of sets and repetitions each workout, but add 5 pounds to each exercise per week (or, as soon as you feel like it's a little too easy). Over time, you'll start lifting much more weight than in the beginning — and your body will be much stronger and able to run much faster.
Strength gives you the raw tools to get faster, but plyometrics helps form that strength into something useful. You need to be fast, as well as strong. Plyometrics training comes in the form of box jumps, jump squats, lunge jumps, and hurdle jumps.
Any bodyweight movement that involves jumping or moving quickly will help. Sprinting short distances — say, 30 meters — will also help you develop speed. In your training week, you can do one strength workout day and one plyometrics day.
Once you can run faster, you have to combine it with distance running. Being able to run a long distance is a different skill from being able to run fast. On your distance-training
On the long-distance
Your medium-distance runs that you do on the other days of the week are a good chance to practice going faster. You can set these days at the same mileage and try to run it a few seconds faster each week. For example, if you run 3 miles on this day and average eight minutes per mile, try to run it the next week in seven minutes and fifty-seven seconds per mile. Slowly shave off time and increase your speed.
Improving Speed and Distance Simultaneously
Increasing both the speed that you run and the distance you run for at the same time is contradictory for your body. Normally when you increase the distance of your run, your pace will drop slightly to allow you to keep going. When you want to run faster, you normally don't run as far because you get tired faster. Therefore, don't get discouraged if you only seem to be progressing in one area.
You can increase both things at the same time but it won't happen very quickly, according to a 2012 study in the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Your body will be adapting to two different things at the same time, and it will take some getting adaptation.
Read More: Proper Training for Long-Distance Running