zig
0

Notifications

  • You're all caught up!

The Differences Between L-Aspartic Acid & D-Aspartic Acid

by
author image Sandi Busch
Sandi Busch received a Bachelor of Arts in psychology, then pursued training in nursing and nutrition. She taught families to plan and prepare special diets, worked as a therapeutic support specialist, and now writes about her favorite topics – nutrition, food, families and parenting – for hospitals and trade magazines.
The Differences Between L-Aspartic Acid & D-Aspartic Acid
A close-up of a kitchen counter with eggs, milk, bread and peppers visible. Photo Credit DAJ/amana images/Getty Images

L-aspartic acid and D-aspartic acid are often grouped together under the same generic label -- aspartic acid -- but the L- and D-amino acid forms are structurally different, and each one fills specific jobs. L-aspartic acid is more abundant in your body, where it helps synthesize proteins and detoxify ammonia. D-aspartic acid exists in small amounts in adults, and it influences brain function and hormone production.

Structural Difference

Even though both forms of this amino acid are made from identical components, the atoms are connected in a way that makes them mirror images of one another. Both forms have a central core, with a group of atoms attached to the side. Like the thumbs on your hands, these side groups are connected to opposite sides of the core group. This creates a left- and right-handedness, which refers to the way the molecule bends light. L-aspartic acid bends light to the left, while D-aspartic acid bends it to the right. The mirror image shapes determine the functions of L- and D-aspartic acid.

Roles of L-Aspartic Acid

All but one of the amino acids have D and L forms, but only L-amino acids are used to produce proteins, reports the Medical Biochemistry Page. This means that protein production is one of the jobs filled by L-aspartic acid. It’s also an essential part of a process in your body called the urea cycle, which is a series of chemical reactions that detoxify ammonia. Like most other amino acids, aspartic acid can be used to synthesize glucose for energy, and it's converted into oxaloacetic acid, which also has a role in energy production.

Duties of D-Aspartic Acid

D-aspartic acid works in the nervous and reproductive systems. It’s primarily found in the brain and testes, where it triggers the release of hormones, including growth hormone, and helps regulate the synthesis of testosterone. One study found that levels of testosterone were significantly increased when men took a daily dose of supplemental D-aspartic acid for 12 days, according to a report in “Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology” in October 2009. But another study published in the October 2013 issue of “Nutrition Research” reported that taking D-aspartic acid did not improve muscle strength in men participating in resistance training.

Sources and Recommendations

Aspartic acid isn't an essential amino acid because your body can produce both forms from proteins you consume. Aspartic acid is found in high-protein foods such as lean beef, fish, eggs and dairy products, however. Other good sources include beans, lentils, soybeans, brown rice bran, nuts and brewer’s yeast. While it’s not associated with side effects or toxicity, don’t take high doses of amino acids for a long time without consulting your health care provider. Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding should not take aspartic acid supplements, recommends the University of Utah.

LiveStrong Calorie Tracker
THE LIVESTRONG.COM MyPlate Nutrition, Workouts & Tips
GOAL
  • Gain 2 pounds per week
  • Gain 1.5 pounds per week
  • Gain 1 pound per week
  • Gain 0.5 pound per week
  • Maintain my current weight
  • Lose 0.5 pound per week
  • Lose 1 pound per week
  • Lose 1.5 pounds per week
  • Lose 2 pounds per week
GENDER
  • Female
  • Male
lbs.
ft. in.

YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE

Demand Media

Our Privacy Policy has been updated. Please take a moment and read it here.