Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health condition associated with weight gain, acne, infertility and abnormal hair growth. According to the website WomensHealth.gov, as many as one in 10 women have PCOS. Although experts do not know exactly what causes PCOS, many researchers believe it may be related to insulin. Other factors appear to be an imbalance of hormones and heredity, because many women with PCOS also have a mother or sister with the condition. Losing weight quickly with PCOS is difficult, but taking the right steps can help you begin to slim down.
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Change your diet. According to dietician Martha McKittrick, a contributing writer to the website Obgyn.net, women with PCOS should not approach dieting the same way as other women trying to lose weight. Because many believe PCOS is linked to insulin resistance, a low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet may be the most successful for weight loss. McKittrick recommends avoiding processed carbohydrates, such as pasta, cookies and white bread, and getting plenty of lean meats, dairy, fruits, vegetables and small amounts of whole grains.
Exercise. Regular physical exercise can lead to weight loss and is particularly important for PCOS. The website 3 Fat Chicks on a Diet says that cardiovascular exercise can improve insulin resistance. Combine aerobic exercise, such as walking, swimming and dancing with weight training. Muscle burns more calories even at rest. However, because many women with PCOS have higher testosterone levels than average, use light weights so that you don't get bulky muscles.
Ask your doctor about medications for PCOS. Medications can correct the underlying hormone imbalances or insulin resistance, making it easier to lose weight. According to WomensHealth.gov, doctors may prescribe birth control pills to balance your hormones, or insulin-sensitizing medications, such as glucophage, to treat the insulin resistance.
Quit smoking. A 2009 study at University Hospital of Erlangen in Germany, led by Dr. Susanne Cupisti, found that smoking raised insulin levels and free testosterone in women with PCOS. Increasing insulin and testosterone will make PCOS worse, making it harder to lose weight.