Microgestin Fe 1/20 is a combined oral contraceptive pill composed of both ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone. Oral contraceptives work by altering the body's hormonal levels to prevent ovulation and alter the lining of the uterus and cervical mucous to reduce the risk of pregnancy. Some women who experience severe menstrual periods and menstrual irregularity may choose this method of contraception to regulate their menstrual cycles and decrease bleeding. There are some side effects associated with Microgestin Fe that women should be aware of prior to starting treatment.
Some women who take these pills may experience breakthrough bleeding. This is when bleeding occurs in between menstrual periods. Breakthrough bleeding may occur more frequently during the first three months of treatment, says Drugs.com. Taking the pill at the same time each day may reduce the risk of breakthrough bleeding.
Breast Tenderness and Swelling
Women may experience breast tenderness and swelling while taking Microgestin Fe 1/20. This side effect may be temporary until the body gets used to this medication. Some women may experience breast tenderness for the entire time that they take oral contraceptives. Women who take birth control pills should perform self breast examinations as recommended by their physician and report any breast changes to their doctor.
Nausea, Vomiting, and Bloating
Microgestin Fe 1/20 may cause nausea, vomiting and abdominal bloating, according to Drugs.com. These side effects may diminish over time as the body adjusts to hormonal contraception. Taking the pill in the evening hours or at bedtime may help decrease these effects. Severe nausea and vomiting should be brought to the attention of a physician.
Headache and Dizziness
A main side effect of this pill is headache and dizziness, says Drugs.com. Women should consult their physicians regarding the use of an over-the-counter pain reliever such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen for the relief of headache pain and discomfort. Those who experience dizziness should use caution while driving or operating machinery. A severe headache that is accompanied by visual changes, weakness on one side of the body, or problems with speech may be a sign of a severe reaction to Microgestin Fe and should be reported to a physician immediately.