Belly button piercing infections are not common if you follow the instructions from your piercer and have your piercing done by a professional who is a member of the Association of Professional Piercers. Still, localized piercing infections can happen, and it's important to treat it promptly to prevent it from spreading or getting worse.
How to Tell if Your Belly-Button Piercing Infected
After getting a piercing, it’s common for there to be redness, irritation and light-colored discharge at the site. But if those symptoms continue for more than a week and worsen, you could have an infection. Some warning signs that your piercing is infected:
- persistent pain, swelling, redness and warmth at the piercing site
- thick, dark-colored discharge
- fever, chills, nausea
- red streaks that radiate out from the infection site
However, some people may experience an allergic reaction to the metal of the piercing. Certain metals, such as nickel, copper and low-grade gold (gold mixed with metal alloys), can spark an allergic reaction. Here are some warning signs you’re experiencing an allergic reaction:
- intermittent tenderness at the piercing site
- redness, itchy rash around the piercing
If you do experience these symptoms, contact your piercer and ask if they can swap out your piercing. Make sure your piercing is made out of 14- or 18-karat gold, surgical steel, sterling silver, platinum or labeled “hypoallergenic.”
Step 1: Leave Your Belly-Button Piercing IN
If your piercing is infected, here are some easy steps to treat the infection at home.
It may seem counter-intuitive, but the first thing you should NOT do is take the piercing out. Taking the jewelry out can cause the hole to close up and trap the infection inside, which can create an abscess below your skin. Keeping the piercing in keeps the hole in and allows pus to drain out.
Step 2: Clean the Piercing Site Daily
Before you touch the piercing or piercing site, wash your hands thoroughly. To prevent and treat an infection, you should clean your belly-button piercing with warm water and soap twice daily. Avoid using alcohol, hydrogen peroxide or harsh soaps. Switch to a milder soap if you notice red bumps around the navel area and experience tenderness.
After cleaning, pat the area dry with a paper towel. Don’t scrub the piercing site with a washcloth or rub it dry with a towel. The piercing could catch on the cloth and scrubbing could spread the infection. Avoid over cleaning, since this can irritate the skin.
Step 3: Use a Warm Compress
Apply a wet, warm washcloth to the infected site to encourage pus to drain. Don’t use an antibacterial ointment -- this can trap the infection at the site and delay the healing process.
Step 4: Consult Your Piercer or a Doctor
If your symptoms don’t clear up after 48 hours or if they worsen, make sure you reach out to your piercer or doctor. Your doctor can prescribe a cream or gel that contains mupirocin, an antibiotic, to help get rid of the infection.
How to Prevent Future Piercing Infections
To prevent an infection from occurring or reoccurring at the piercing site, it's important to follow a few key steps:
- Keep the piercing clean and dry.
- Wear loose clothing until your belly-button piercing heals to avoid chafing or irritation.
- Avoid touching your piercing unless necessary to keep bacteria from your hands transferring to the piercing site.
- Check the site daily for unusual irritation or redness.
- Shower, don’t bathe. Soaking in bathwater could transfer bacteria to the piercing site.