Although Zumba was first introduced in the United States in Miami in 1999, the Latin-inspired dance class originated in Colombia more than a decade earlier. Zumba, dubbed a "dance party," grew from an improvised dance class in a Colombian aerobics studio in the '80s to a widespread exercise phenomenon with more than 10 million regular participants as of October 2010.
Although the history of Zumba itself starts in the late 1980s, Zumba has roots in Latin dances such as the merengue, salsa, cumbia and samba that date back in some cases to the 17th and 18th centuries. Flamenco, for example, originated in Spain in the 18th century. Cumbia, which originated in Colombia as an infusion of Latin and African influence, established a presence in the early 19th century. The interplay of these Latin rhythm and dance styles come together to define Zumba.
Alberto "Beto" Perez initiated the Latin dance class now known as Zumba in an aerobics class in Cali, Colombia in 1986, according to the New York Times. Perez arrived to teach class one day without his traditional aerobics music, so he substituted Latin music he had with him at the time. The improvised class was a hit with his students. Perez, along with Alberto Perlman and Alberto Aghion, trademarked the Zumba name in 2001, two years after Perez introduced his Latin-inspired fitness class in the United States.
Zumba established a foothold in the U.S. fitness industry after the considerable success of infomercials launched in 2002. By 2007, Zumba had spread to six continents and established credibility with such fitness icons as the American Council on Exercise, the Aerobics Fitness Association of America and the IDEA Health and Fitness Association. The original Zumba class included the stylings of El Gran Combo and Las Chicas del Can, and the sound and feel of Zumba remains grounded in Latin music and dance.
Zumba classes and videos offer a high-intensity cardiovascular workout that last 50 minutes to an hour, on average. Since its origination in 1986, Zumba has evolved to include not only more traditional Latin dance exercise, but also toning and water aerobics. Official Zumba instructors are trained through the Zumba Academy, with certification options in toning, water-based exercise, basic Zumba and Zumba customized for older adults and novice exercisers.