The salmonberry may not sound like the most delicious food in the world, but it's one of many wild edible plants and berries in Oregon. Whether you're hoping to pluck blackberries or whether you plan to tackle the stinging nettle, make sure harvesting is permitted and attain a permit if necessary before you forage. The Oregon State University Extension Service recommends checking with your local Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management or State Department of Forestry office before harvesting.
According to the Oregon State University Extension Service, a few small native trees commonly found in Oregon gardens produce edible fruit. These trees include the black elderberry and the serviceberry. The black elderberry fruit is used in jelly, wine and syrup, while the serviceberry is similar to a blueberry and produces abundant white flowers in early spring. Some native shrubs, such as the evergreen huckleberry and the salmonberry, produce berries and are encouraged to grow in Oregon gardens. The ripe berries of the salmonberry range from bright orange to deep red. Blackberries, raspberries, dewberries, strawberries and blueberries also grow wild in Oregon.
In the forest meadows of the Pacific Northwest, including Oregon, fiddleheads are a plentiful food source, according to Sarah Farnsworth at the University of Oregon. Named for their resemblance to the head of a fiddle, these edible young fern fronds rise up from the adult plant each spring. Different types of ferns are referred to as fiddleheads, but the two edible varieties found in the Pacific Northwest are the bracken fern and the lady fern. In certain areas of the state, permits are required to harvest fiddleheads.
It may seem unpalatable, but the inner bark of some trees is edible. In Oregon, these trees include the cottonwood, Douglas fir and hemlock. The cambium, or inner bark, of these trees served as emergency food supplies in spring for Native Americans in Oregon.
Edible weeds such as dandelions, nettles, cattails, chicory and sorrel all grow in Oregon. The early Colonists introduced the edible weeds lamb's quarter, curly dock and dandelion to the East Coast; they spread across the country and now grow wild in Oregon. Other wild edible weeds in Oregon are miner's lettuce, which is sometimes served in upscale restaurants or as a health food, and wild onion. Wear gloves while harvesting stinging nettles and cook them until they are completed wilted to avoid the irritating sting, suggest Bobbi Gustafson and Corrina Marote of the Washington State University Extension Program.
- Oregon State University Extension Service: Edible Landscaping
- University of Oregon; Fiddleheads; Sarah Farnsworth
- Churchill High School; Wild Edible and Medicinal Plants; Sarah Ruggiero; 2011
- Oregon State University Extension Service; Harvesting and Marketing Edible Wild Plants; S. Clements; February 1998
- Washington State University Skagit County Extension; Edible Weeds ; Bobbi Gustafson and Corrina Marote; February 29, 2008