Human Brain Thinking Process

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Many chemicals in the brain are involved in the thought process. (Image: XiXinXing/iStock/Getty Images)

"The world we have created is a product of our thinking; it cannot be changed without changing our thinking." --Albert Einstein

Thinking exists as the top mental activity demonstrated by man. All human accomplishments and advancement come from the results of thought. Civilization, knowledge, science and technology arise from the thinking process. Thought and activity are inseparable. Man normally perceives an action in his mind before undertaking an activity.

The Brain Building Blocks

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The brain’s primary building element starts with the brain cells known as neurons. Chemical processes in the brain send out messages through the neurons that determine the mental processes along with thinking. Cells called glia exist between the neurons in the brain. Mark Treadwell, an educator from New Zealand at I-learnt Website, indicates the glia interact with the neurons and hormones chemically in the production of thought. The motor neurons produce the action in our muscles and the sensory neurons connect to our five senses.

The Five Senses

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The five senses in the body are sight, taste, smell, touch and hearing. The senses bring information back to the central process in the brain. Emotions exert an effect on human thinking by producing actions such as crying, laughing and sadness that modify the sensory information.

Thinking Process

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Thinking brings together information to link the various parts into something comprehensible. Cognition refers to the thought process. The American College of Radiology and the Radiology Society describe functional MRI as a diagnostic procedure that can determine precisely the location of thought processes in the brain. A positron emission topography scan also can document images of the brain during a range of thought processes. The future has promise for new insights into the thinking process using these new technologies.

Reasoning Process

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Reasoning implies taking facts and evidence perceived by the senses and combining it with thinking to draw conclusions. Changing Minds Organization lists 20 types of reasoning. The most common types include inductive and deductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning refers to the process of starting from specifics and expanding the concepts to cover a range of observations. Deductive reasoning implies starting from a general rule and moving to a specific item.

The Learning Process

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Learning occurs to help the individual think. Human beings learn using a trial and error process along with incorporating experiences, abstract thought and deduction. According to Science Daily, intelligence arises from the number of connections learned. The brain integrates the incoming data with the information stored in the brain.

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