What Causes Back Muscle Spasms?

unknonw, combined causes most likely chronic vs acute upper vs lower risk factors theories pain-spasm-pain cycle

(Image: Creatas Images/Creatas/Getty Images)

Injury

Ref 5, 6 = strain? separate? sudden MVA, sports check for red flags poor body mechanics, posture - overuse??

Aging Spine

degenerative disc disease ref 10

Facet Joint Disorder

Ref 7, also in resources (better) 2 change subhead

Stress

resource 3?? psychogenic depression

Concerns

muscle weakness, bowel or bladder tetanus, osteo ankylosing spondylitis

REFERENCES & RESOURCES
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