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Allergic Symptoms of Albuterol Sulfate

by
author image Rae Uddin
Rae Uddin has worked as a freelance writer and editor since 2004. She specializes in scientific journalism and medical and technical writing. Her work has appeared in various online publications. Uddin earned her Master of Science in integrated biomedical sciences with an emphasis in molecular and cellular biochemistry from the University of Kentucky College of Medicine.
Allergic Symptoms of Albuterol Sulfate
A woman holds up an albuterol sulfate inhaler on a white background. Photo Credit vencavolrab/iStock/Getty Images

Overview

Albuterol sulfate is a prescription medication indicated to treat or prevent airway constriction in people with asthma. This medication is a bronchodilator, which works by relaxing the bronchial muscles within a patient's airways to allow oxygen to reach the lungs. In certain instances, patients can develop allergic reaction symptoms after taking albuterol sulfate for the first time. Affected patients require immediate, emergency medical attention to avoid developing potentially life-threatening medical complications.

Hives or Skin Rash

Treatment with albuterol sulfate can cause skin-related side effects in patients allergic to this medication. An affected patient's skin can appear red and irritated and may begin to itch profusely. Small swollen welts, called hives, can appear across a patient's body. Additionally, children who are allergic to albuterol sulfate may exhibit unusual skin peeling, explain PDRHealth medical professionals.

Oral Swelling

Oral swelling, also called oropharyngeal edema, can occur as an allergic symptom of albuterol sulfate in certain patients, explain health professionals with RxList. A patient's face, lips, tongue or throat can appear puffy and enlarged. These allergic symptoms can make it difficult for an affected patient to speak, swallow or breathe normally. Without prompt medical treatment, swelling in the throat can cut off a patient's airway, leading to severe breathing difficulties and loss of consciousness.

Bronchospasm

Patients who are allergic to albuterol sulfate may develop bronchospasm after taking this medication. Symptoms of bronchospasm include chest tightness and difficulty breathing, explain medical experts with Drugs.com. Bronchospasm constricts a patient's airway, making it harder for oxygen to reach the lungs. As oxygen attempts to move through a patient's narrowed airway, a doctor may detect a high-pitched whistling noise within the chest, an allergic symptom called wheezing. Bronchospasm symptoms are fatal in the absence of appropriate medical care.

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