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Hydroxycitric Acid Information

author image Megan Ashton
Megan Ashton began writing professionally in 2010. When she isn’t writing, she works with clients as the owner of Total Health & Hypnotherapy. She graduated from Western University with a Bachelor of Arts in communications then continued her education at the Canadian School of Natural Nutrition, where she became a Registered Holistic Nutritionist. Megan is also a Clinical Hypnotherapist.
Hydroxycitric Acid Information
Hydroxycitric acid is chemically similar to citric acid found in oranges and citrus fruit. Photo Credit lemons image by Maria Brzostowska from <a href="http://www.fotolia.com">Fotolia.com</a>

Hydroxycitric acid is derived from the dried rind of the fruit that grows on the Garcinia cambogia tree, which it is native to India, Malaysia and Africa. Hydroxycitric acid is isolated and sold as a nutritional supplement for a variety of health promoting purposes. As with any nutritional supplement, you should talk to your health care practitioner before taking hydroxycitric acid.

Active Ingredients

Hydroxycitric acid contains numerous phytochemicals including xanthones, flavanoids and benzophenones. Phytochemicals are antioxidant compounds found in plants that help to prevent free radical induced damage and death to your cells and DNA, as well as to prevent and treat disease in humans. Preliminary research suggests that the phytochemical xanthone, found in hydroxycitric acid exhibits antibacterial, antifungal and anti-inflammatory activity.

Weight Loss Benefits

Hydroxycitric acid has gained recent popularity as a weight loss aid. It has been found to increase lipid oxidation and thereby help to breakdown and remove fatty acids from your body. It may also help to decrease appetite, and a six-week, placebo controlled study cited in the June 2002 edition of "International Journal of Obesity-Related Metabolic Disorders" examined the effectiveness of hydroxycitric acid as an appetite suppressant. The study found that hydroxycitric acid supplementation decreased the daily caloric intake in overweight individuals by 15 to 30 percent. The participants experienced weight loss, whilst also reporting feelings of satiety.

Additional Purported Uses

Due to its lipid lowering properties, Drugs.com website states that hydroxycitric acid may also help to lower triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein, or "LDL," levels. Ayurvedic medicine practitioners use hydroxycitric acid as a general health tonic, to help treat rheumatism, diabetes, dysentery, worms, parasites and stomach ulcers and to enhance exercise endurance, states "Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database." In addition, hydroxycitric acid has anti-inflammatory properties and is used to help treat inflammatory bowel disorders. More research needs to be done to confirm the efficacy of hydroxycitric acid for these uses however.

Dosage and Precautions

The dosage of hydroxycitric acid ranges from 900 to 2,800 mg daily, or 15 to 47 mg, per kg of body weight. Hydroxycitric acid is considered non toxic, but it may cause mild side effects, such as headaches, dizziness, dry mouth, nausea, diarrhea and gastrointestinal complaints. It may also interact with certain medications, including diabetes and depression drugs.

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