Triglycerides and low-density lipoproteins are both found in your bloodstream. Along with high-density lipoproteins, these particles make up your cholesterol profile. According to the American Heart Association, high levels of triglycerides and LDL cholesterol are associated with an increased risk of coronary diseases. Optimally, triglyceride levels should be below 150 mg/dl, and LDL should be below 100 mg/dl.
According to Oilgae.com, lipids are fats in your body. Triglycerides are the chemical form in which most fats exist in your body. Cholesterol is a soft, waxy type of lipid produced by your body and found in many animal products. A lipid panel is a collection of measurements on these lipids in the bloodstream and is used to determine your risk for heart disease.
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Lipid Levels and Heart Health
Cholesterol and triglycerides are necessary for your body to function properly. However, if too many triglycerides or LDL particles are in the bloodstream, they can stick to the walls of arteries and clog them, causing a disease called atherosclerosis, a major risk factor for heart attack and stroke. HDL cholesterol helps "escort" LDL particles out of the bloodstream, so an increased level of HDL lowers your risk of coronary diseases.
Low Triglycerides and High LDL
According to the American Heart Association, triglycerides are fats made in the body from other nutrients such as carbohydrates. If you eat calories that are not used immediately, they are converted into triglycerides and transported to fat cells to be stored.
Because LDL comes from two sources -- the foods you eat and heredity -- it is possible to have low triglycerides along with high LDL by eating a healthy diet while your body produces high levels of LDL. The American Heart Association says about 75 percent of your total cholesterol is manufactured in your liver and other cells.
Improving Your Numbers
The American Heart Association recommends eating foods low in saturated and trans fats to help avoid elevated LDL levels. Increasing your level of physical activity can increase HDL levels, which can help lower LDL levels. Maintaining a healthy weight and avoiding fatty foods and excessive amounts of alcohol can keep triglyceride levels in the optimal range.
If LDL levels remain high, you should consult your doctor for other ways to keep your cholesterol within a healthy range.
The Food and Drug Administrations says trying to lower LDL levels with supplements such as red yeast rice may be harmful. Always consult your doctor when attempting to lose weight, increase your physical activity levels, or reduce cholesterol with over-the-counter products.
Is this an emergency? If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, please see the National Library of Medicine’s list of signs you need emergency medical attention or call 911.