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Chronic Kidney Disease Sample Diet

author image Stacey Phillips
Stacey Phillips is a registered dietitian and nutrition writer. She has had articles and patient information handouts published in the "Renal Nutrition Forum" and the "Journal of Renal Nutrition." She holds a Bachelor's degree from the University of Illinois in Champaign-Urbana and a Masters degree at Central Michigan University.
Chronic Kidney Disease Sample Diet
Planning meals will help you eat a balanced kidney diet. Photo Credit: gpointstudio/iStock/Getty Images

Having chronic kidney disease means your kidney is no longer able to filter blood, extra water or waste products. In the early stages of the condition, you should limit dietary salt, protein and fat to protect your current kidney function and control blood pressure. With chronic kidney disease advancement, your doctor may also advise you to reduce intake of potassium, phosphorus and fluids. Trying to plan meals on a chronic kidney diet can be a challenge. Reading labels, familiarizing yourself with food nutrients and understanding your diet goals are all methods of managing the disease.

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Breakfast Ideas

Egg whites are a good protein choice.
Egg whites are a good protein choice. Photo Credit: Jupiterimages/Stockbyte/Getty Images

Avoid breakfast foods high in protein, salt, potassium and phosphorus. Choose eggs, egg whites, low-sodium sausage or low-sodium bacon for protein. White toast or a bagel, corn flakes or cream of wheat are good starch choices. If you drink milk at breakfast, limit it to a half-cup. Cranberry and apple are both low-potassium juices. If you prefer whole fruit, try an apple, grapes or blackberries. Small portions of mushrooms, asparagus and carrots can be added to an omelette to incorporate vegetables at breakfast. Use butter, margarine and cooking oils sparingly.

Quick and Easy Lunches

Salads may be a healthy lunch option.
Salads may be a healthy lunch option. Photo Credit: Elena Gaak/iStock/Getty Images

Whether you are on the run, packing a lunch for work or have time to eat at home, quick-and-easy lunches can be part of a chronic kidney disease diet. For sandwiches, select white bread and low-sodium luncheon meat and then top with low potassium vegetables such as alfalfa sprouts, onions and peppers. Soups can also be a quick lunch, but remember your salt and fluid restrictions. Stick with low-sodium broth-based soups, and avoid soups like chili or potato because of high phosphorus and potassium content. Read labels when buying low-sodium soups to make sure potassium is not replacing the salt. Salads are an additional option and can include meat such as cooked chicken, small amounts of fruit like blueberries or strawberries or even fresh vegetables such as lettuce, cauliflower, snow peas and cucumbers.

Satisfying Dinners

Try lean meats with white rice for dinner.
Try lean meats with white rice for dinner. Photo Credit: Carpe89/iStock/Getty Images

Making a homemade meal for dinner makes it easier to monitor the foods you are eating with the chronic kidney disease diet. Lean cuts of beef, chicken or fish with a low-sodium sauce can all be part of your entrees. White rice, noodles and rolls can be eaten as a side dish or casserole. Vegetable choices for dinner include broccoli, summer squash and green beans. Add low-potassium fruits such as pineapple, a fresh peach or apple sauce to your evening meal. Enjoy fresh herbs and pepper as seasonings in place of salt.

Sensible Snacks

Canned peaches make a nice snack.
Canned peaches make a nice snack. Photo Credit: Jiri Hera/iStock/Getty Images

The snacks you choose should fit within your chronic kidney disease diet. Choose no-salt or low-salt pretzels, popcorn, crackers and tortilla chips. Ready-to-eat pudding snacks, soft granola bars, plain animal crackers, frozen confections, rice cakes and vanilla wafers can also be consumed. Fruit is another good snack option. Canned peaches, pears, and fruit cocktail come preportioned or canned. Grape juice, water, clear soda, coffee and tea are allowed beverages as long as you maintain your fluid restriction.

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