Your feeds are full of the latest workout fads, gadgets and diets you need to try if you want to lose weight. But we have a little secret for you: You don't need to drop major dollars on a trendy weight-loss program.
In fact, all you need to start torching calories for weight loss is a good pair of running sneakers and the motivation to head out the door.
Here's everything you need to know about running for weight loss.
Running for Weight Loss: How It Works
The goal of any weight-loss plan is to create a caloric deficit, which means you burn more calories than you take in. Only when you have created and sustained this deficit will your body stop using immediate energy supplies from excess calories and begin to tap into stored body fat. You can create this deficit by reducing your calorie intake or increasing your activity level — a combination of both is ideal.
Any activity you do will help you burn calories, but running to lose weight happens to be one of the best. That's because it's not easy. Propelling your body forward with speed over varying terrain requires effort from all your major muscle groups and consumes energy in the form of calories. How many calories you'll burn depends on several variables, the most important of which are:
- How much you weigh
- How fast you jog
- How long you jog
Other factors that can influence calorie burn, according to the University of Texas, include:
- Climate: You burn more calories when it's hot outside.
- Terrain: Running over varied terrain and uphill is harder and burns more calories.
- Genetics: Some people just burn more calories than others.
- Body composition: People who have more muscle mass burn more calories.
- Fitness level: Fitter people will burn fewer calories jogging than less conditioned people, mile for mile.
Although fat loss is a complex topic that can't be put into a neat little equation. But one benchmark you can use as a guide is to cut or burn 500 calories per day to lose roughly a pound or two per week. If you weigh around 155 pounds, you would need to move at a jogger's pace of 5 mph for a little less than an hour seven days a week. Or, you could run at a fast running pace of about 8 mph for 30 minutes each day.
6 Ways Lose Weight With Running
As simple as putting one foot in front of the other can be, for the greatest weight-loss benefits, it's worth head into your running workouts with a plan. Follow these six jogging and running strategies for beginners.
1. Start Jogging
Before you can run, you need to jog. Jumping straight into running for weight loss as a beginner can place a lot of stress on your body. It can leave you feeling sore and, if you're not careful, it could even lead to injury.
That's why it's important to build a foundation with jogging. It's not as high-impact as fast running, and it still burns a good amount of calories, which is key for weight-loss progress.
For the most accurate estimate of how many calories you'll burn jogging, you'll need to wear a heart rate monitor while you exercise. Otherwise, you can use these general estimates from Harvard Health Publishing.
Calories Burned Jogging for 30 Minutes
Keep in mind that a jogger's pace is somewhat subjective. You can walk or jog at a pace of 4 miles per hour. A seasoned runner might feel that running at a pace of 6.5 mph is more of a jog than a run. Typically, a jog is somewhere between 4 and 6 mph.
2. Pick Up the Pace
Those calorie burn counts are impressive, but eventually, you'll be ready to kick things up a notch to further your weight-loss results. The same variables apply when determining your calorie burn from running as they do for jogging; however, there's a broader range of paces that qualify as running.
Depending on your fitness level, 5.2 miles an hour might feel like a pretty tough, fast run, or you might not feel maxed out until you're running at a pace greater than 8 mph. Hey, anything's possible — if not right now, then in the future.
One of the easiest ways to gauge running intensity is with the rate of perceived exertion (RPE) scale. Simply ask yourself, on a scale of 1 to 10, how hard do you feel like you're working? When performing high-intensity exercise like fast running, you should feel like you're working at a 7 or higher. You can also use a scale of 6 to 20, running at a pace that feels like a 13 or higher.
Calories Burned Running for 30 Minutes
3. Build Endurance
Run slow to run fast: Long, slow runs build aerobic endurance, which will help you pick up the pace with fast running without tiring out.
Plus, even if you never have any intention of running fast, long, slow runs effectively burn fat. When you exercise, your body converts one of two substances — glycogen or fat — into energy to power your muscles. Aerobic exercise performed at a low-intensity burns a large percentage of calories from fat.
To stay in an aerobic zone, it's important to remember that long, slow runs are just that — long and slow. To run for 30, 40, 60 minutes or more (whatever feels long to you!) prioritize a jogger's pace that feels comfortable. At all times, you should be able to easily breathe and even talk.
The target heart rate zone for aerobic exercise is 50 to 70 percent of your max heart rate, according to the American Heart Association.
Calculate your estimated max heart rate by subtracting your age from 220. To find what numbers fall in the aerobic range, multiply that number by 0.5 and 0.7. For example, a 35-year-old person would have a target aerobic heart rate of 92 to 130 beats per minute.
On long, slow runs, jog at this intensity.
Because the best pace for weight loss jogging is determined by your heart rate, a heart rate monitor is a useful workout accessory. Heart rate monitors are capable of detecting and displaying your heart rate as you exercise. This real-time information allows you to maintain your jogging pace in the best weight loss intensity zone.
Many heart rate monitors feature programs that match your aerobic exercise range to the read-out. Then, as you exercise the monitor alerts you with alarms or beeps if you fall outside your target weight loss heart rate intensity.
4. Change Up Your Routine
Running every day can be tough to sustain. And if you don't want an overuse injury (trust us, you don't), you're going to need to do more than just run to lose weight.
Adding variety to your running routine will challenge your body in new ways that can increase your calorie burn, improve cardiovascular fitness and make you stronger.
One of the ways you can do this is by seeking out new terrain. If you've been running to lose weight along the same flat path each day, find some hills and get your legs pumping. Running uphill can dramatically increase your calorie burn. Try doing hill repeats by running to the top of a hill, walking back down and running up the hill again. This will build strength in your legs and further challenge your cardio fitness.
High-intensity interval training, or HIIT, is another way to increase the intensity and variety of your running routine. Interval training involves alternating between periods of intense effort and periods of recovery.
There are many ways to do an interval workout, but one example you might try is jogging for two minutes, sprinting for 45 seconds and alternate between the two for 30 minutes. This might take some practice, but it will result in a higher total calorie burn.
There's scientific support for the efficacy of HIIT for weight loss. A February 2018 meta-analysis in Sports Medicine examined the results of 39 studies on HIIT involving 617 subjects. The findings showed that HIIT training was more time-efficient and effective at reducing total-body and abdominal fat. In addition, HIIT running proved to be even more effective than HIIT cycling.
5. Cross-Train and Rest
Running every day can be hard on the body. Doing the same activity all the time, especially one as intense as fast running, can lead to repetitive stress injuries or burnout.
When your goal is to lose weight, it's important to keep your routine fun and interesting so that you are more likely to stick with it. Even if you love running, do a different activity two times a week: cycling, rowing and swimming are great complements to running because they work different muscle groups.
Strength training will help you not only become a stronger runner but also increase your weight-loss potential. Although running is a weight-bearing activity that builds muscle, it doesn't target all the body's major muscle groups.
Going into the gym a couple times a week to do a total-body strength training routine — including exercises for your chest, shoulders, arms, abs, back and legs — will make you a stronger runner.
Lastly, it's crucial to allow your body to recover. Take at least one day off each week to rest or engage in active recovery. You can walk, do yoga or other light exercise, as long as you're not doing anything too intense. Failing to allow your body to recover can lead to injury and overtraining, both of which will sideline you and keep you from reaching your weight-loss goals.
6. Improve Your Nutrition
If you really want to lose weight, running alone isn't going to get you there. Even HIIT running won't work miracles if your nutrition isn't healthy and conducive to weight loss. You can significantly increase your weight loss if you combine running with a nutritious, calorie-reduced diet.
Think about it: If you can burn 300 calories with a daily jog or run and you can cut 300 calories from your daily diet, you've just doubled your calorie deficit and shortened the amount of time it will take you to get to your goal weight.
But it's not just about what you cut out. It's also about adding in healthy foods that will keep you feeling full and satisfied with fewer calories. Those foods include protein from chicken, fish and beans; fiber and complex carbohydrates from fresh fruit, vegetables and whole grains; and healthy fats from nuts, seeds and vegetable oils.
If you add more of these foods to your diet, you'll naturally "crowd out" other unhealthy foods — and have more energy for your runs.
- University of Texas: "How to Determine Calorie Burn"
- Harvard Health Publishing: "Calories Burned in 30 Minutes for People of Three Different Weights"
- University of Michigan University Health Service: "Weight Reduction"
- Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: "Time to Correctly Predict the Amount of Weight Loss With Dieting"
- Sports Medicine: "Effect of High-Intensity Interval Training on Total, Abdominal and Visceral Fat Mass: A Meta-Analysis"
- American Heart Association: "Target Heart Rates Chart"