- USDA National Nutrient Database: "Cucumber, With Peel, Raw"
- Ohio State University: "Wax Off, Wax On? Waxed Produce OK"
- Iranian Journal of Public Health: "Determination of Pesticides Residues in Cucumbers Grown in Greenhouse and the Effect of Some Procedures on Their Residues"
- Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging: "In Vivo Antioxidant Properties of Lotus Root and Cucumber: A Pilot Comparative Study in Aged Subjects"
- American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: "Contribution of Fruit and Vegetable Intake to Hydration Status in Schoolchildren"
- Nutrients: "Link Between Food Energy Density and Body Weight Changes in Obese Adults"
- Environmental Working Group: "Cucumber"
- StatPearls: "Calories"
- American Cancer Society: "Calorie Counter"
- Harvard Health Publishing: "The Importance of Staying Hydrated"
- National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health: "Antioxidants: In Depth"
Benefits and Side Effects of Cucumbers