Throwing up can occur for different reasons according to MayoClinic.com. If you have been throwing up, the last thing you may be thinking about is eating anything. Continuing to eat the right foods may help settle your stomach and will also give your body the strength it needs until your vomiting has passed. Pass on spicy and strong foods, such as onions and garlic, and opt for more bland options in smaller portions.
Eat a banana about an hour after throwing up, Michael B. Jacobs recommends in his book, "Taking Care: Self-Care for You and Your Family." Waiting for a short period of time before eating it allows your stomach to settle and help ensures that you are not going to throw up again right away. Take small bites of a banana and wait one or two minutes between each bite to determine if your stomach is going to accept the food. If you begin to feel sick again, Jacobs suggests waiting a few more minutes before trying to finish your banana. A banana is also a nutritious source of potassium, a mineral that is often lost when you throw up and thus eating one can help rebalance the potassium levels in your body.
Whole Grain Toast
Toasted whole grain bread is a bland food that may allow your stomach to settle down without causing additional vomiting, as Larry Trivieri, Burton Goldberg and John W. Anderson report in their book, "Alternative Medicine: The Definitive Guide." Start with whole grain toast without any butter or jam to determine if your stomach is willing to accept food. After a day or so, try adding a small amount of butter, if desired, to see if your body is ready to accept fat back into your diet. Vegetable broth can also be served with your toast as another way to settle your stomach and enable you to gain some of your strength back.
Soup is another stomach-calming food if you choose the right ingredients. Eating broth after throwing up will help you determine if your digestive system is ready for food, Trivieri, Goldberg and Anderson note. Add bland ingredients to your soup if you are able to keep the broth down. Cooked potatoes, brown rice and steamed vegetables are nutritious choices that you may be able to digest without throwing up again. Chicken soup is an additional type of soup that can usually be kept down when you feel ill and nauseated and have been throwing up.