Djarum Black clove cigarette is the popular brand of clove cigarettes, or kreteks, imported from Indonesia and targeted at younger smokers. Kreteks are made from a mixture of tobacco, ground cloves, clove oil and other additives. The addition of cloves to tobacco masks the harshness of regular cigarette smoke and stimulates the respiratory system for deeper inhalation during smoking. Thus, Djarum Black clove cigarettes pose the same dangers as, if not more than, regular cigarettes.
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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, kretek smoking increases the risk of lung damage, ranging from fluid collection in the lungs and inflammation of lung tissue, to decreased oxygen flow, especially among those with asthma and previous respiratory infections. Regular kretek smokers are also 20 times more likely to have abnormal lung function than non-smokers.
Other problems associated with clove cigarettes, listed by the CDC, include bronchitis, difficulty with breathing, hemoptysis or coughing up blood, pneumonia and other respiratory infections.
The CDC reports that clove cigarettes deliver more tar, nicotine and carbon monoxide than regular cigarettes. This means that clove cigarette smokers are at least at the same risk of developing cancer as other smokers. A report from Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids states that clove cigarettes contain three additional cancer-causing agents: eugenol from clove oil, coumarin and anethole, a sweetener.
Cancers associated with smoking tobacco include cancers of the cervix, lungs, esophagus, mouth, throat, uterus, bladder, pancreas and kidneys. Acute myeloid leukemia, a cancer of blood forming cells, is also linked to tobacco smoking.
Heart and Circulatory System Dangers
Tobacco smoke from any type of cigarette causes coronary artery disease, or CAD, which leads to angina pectoris and myocardial infarctions, or heart attacks. According to the CDC, smoking tobacco can cause narrowing of the arteries with reduced circulation and an increased risk of peripheral vascular disease that causes pain and gangrene. The risk of stroke is increased two to four times in tobacco smokers. Abdominal aortic aneurysm, a condition that results in the ballooning and possible rupture of the aorta in the abdomen, is also linked to tobacco smoke.
Dangers to Women
Women of child bearing age who smoke are at increased risk of infertility. Pregnant women exposed to cigarette smoke from any source are at risk of premature deliveries, miscarriages and low birth weight babies. Babies exposed to cigarette smoke are in danger of sudden infant death syndrome. Menopausal women who smoke tobacco are at increased risk of osteoporosis and hip fractures.
Other Dangers of Clove Cigarettes
Nicotine, which according to the CDC, is delivered in higher quantities in clove cigarettes, is a drug of addiction like heroin and cocaine. Thus, clove cigarette smokers are soon addicted and find it difficult to stop smoking. According to the American Cancer Society, or ACS, young tobacco smokers, the main target of clove cigarette marketers, are more prone to alcohol and other illegal drug use. Cigarette smokers are also more at risk for getting into fights, carrying weapons, high risk sexual behavior leading to unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases, depression and suicide.
REFERENCES & RESOURCES
- Centers for Disease Control and prevention: Smoking & Tobacco Use: Bidis and Kreteks
- Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids: Kreteks In Indonesia
- Centers for Disease Control and prevention: Smoking & Tobacco Use: Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking
- American Cancer Society: Child and Teen Tobacco Use: Understanding the problem
- World Health Organization: Tobacco, Deadly in any form or Disguise